- chpcon
- chpev
- chpevd
- chpevx
- chpgst
- chpgv
- chpgvd
- chpgvx
- chprfs
- chpsv
- chpsvx
- chptrd
- chptrf
- chptri
- chptrs

USAGE: rcond, info = NumRu::Lapack.chpcon( uplo, ap, ipiv, anorm, [:usage => usage, :help => help]) FORTRAN MANUAL SUBROUTINE CHPCON( UPLO, N, AP, IPIV, ANORM, RCOND, WORK, INFO ) * Purpose * ======= * * CHPCON estimates the reciprocal of the condition number of a complex * Hermitian packed matrix A using the factorization A = U*D*U**H or * A = L*D*L**H computed by CHPTRF. * * An estimate is obtained for norm(inv(A)), and the reciprocal of the * condition number is computed as RCOND = 1 / (ANORM * norm(inv(A))). * * Arguments * ========= * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * Specifies whether the details of the factorization are stored * as an upper or lower triangular matrix. * = 'U': Upper triangular, form is A = U*D*U**H; * = 'L': Lower triangular, form is A = L*D*L**H. * * N (input) INTEGER * The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. * * AP (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (N*(N+1)/2) * The block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used to * obtain the factor U or L as computed by CHPTRF, stored as a * packed triangular matrix. * * IPIV (input) INTEGER array, dimension (N) * Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D * as determined by CHPTRF. * * ANORM (input) REAL * The 1-norm of the original matrix A. * * RCOND (output) REAL * The reciprocal of the condition number of the matrix A, * computed as RCOND = 1/(ANORM * AINVNM), where AINVNM is an * estimate of the 1-norm of inv(A) computed in this routine. * * WORK (workspace) COMPLEX array, dimension (2*N) * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit * < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value * * ===================================================================== *go to the page top

USAGE: w, z, info, ap = NumRu::Lapack.chpev( jobz, uplo, ap, [:usage => usage, :help => help]) FORTRAN MANUAL SUBROUTINE CHPEV( JOBZ, UPLO, N, AP, W, Z, LDZ, WORK, RWORK, INFO ) * Purpose * ======= * * CHPEV computes all the eigenvalues and, optionally, eigenvectors of a * complex Hermitian matrix in packed storage. * * Arguments * ========= * * JOBZ (input) CHARACTER*1 * = 'N': Compute eigenvalues only; * = 'V': Compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors. * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * = 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored; * = 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored. * * N (input) INTEGER * The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. * * AP (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (N*(N+1)/2) * On entry, the upper or lower triangle of the Hermitian matrix * A, packed columnwise in a linear array. The j-th column of A * is stored in the array AP as follows: * if UPLO = 'U', AP(i + (j-1)*j/2) = A(i,j) for 1<=i<=j; * if UPLO = 'L', AP(i + (j-1)*(2*n-j)/2) = A(i,j) for j<=i<=n. * * On exit, AP is overwritten by values generated during the * reduction to tridiagonal form. If UPLO = 'U', the diagonal * and first superdiagonal of the tridiagonal matrix T overwrite * the corresponding elements of A, and if UPLO = 'L', the * diagonal and first subdiagonal of T overwrite the * corresponding elements of A. * * W (output) REAL array, dimension (N) * If INFO = 0, the eigenvalues in ascending order. * * Z (output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDZ, N) * If JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, Z contains the orthonormal * eigenvectors of the matrix A, with the i-th column of Z * holding the eigenvector associated with W(i). * If JOBZ = 'N', then Z is not referenced. * * LDZ (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array Z. LDZ >= 1, and if * JOBZ = 'V', LDZ >= max(1,N). * * WORK (workspace) COMPLEX array, dimension (max(1, 2*N-1)) * * RWORK (workspace) REAL array, dimension (max(1, 3*N-2)) * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit. * < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value. * > 0: if INFO = i, the algorithm failed to converge; i * off-diagonal elements of an intermediate tridiagonal * form did not converge to zero. * * ===================================================================== *go to the page top

USAGE: w, z, work, rwork, iwork, info, ap = NumRu::Lapack.chpevd( jobz, uplo, ap, [:lwork => lwork, :lrwork => lrwork, :liwork => liwork, :usage => usage, :help => help]) FORTRAN MANUAL SUBROUTINE CHPEVD( JOBZ, UPLO, N, AP, W, Z, LDZ, WORK, LWORK, RWORK, LRWORK, IWORK, LIWORK, INFO ) * Purpose * ======= * * CHPEVD computes all the eigenvalues and, optionally, eigenvectors of * a complex Hermitian matrix A in packed storage. If eigenvectors are * desired, it uses a divide and conquer algorithm. * * The divide and conquer algorithm makes very mild assumptions about * floating point arithmetic. It will work on machines with a guard * digit in add/subtract, or on those binary machines without guard * digits which subtract like the Cray X-MP, Cray Y-MP, Cray C-90, or * Cray-2. It could conceivably fail on hexadecimal or decimal machines * without guard digits, but we know of none. * * Arguments * ========= * * JOBZ (input) CHARACTER*1 * = 'N': Compute eigenvalues only; * = 'V': Compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors. * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * = 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored; * = 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored. * * N (input) INTEGER * The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. * * AP (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (N*(N+1)/2) * On entry, the upper or lower triangle of the Hermitian matrix * A, packed columnwise in a linear array. The j-th column of A * is stored in the array AP as follows: * if UPLO = 'U', AP(i + (j-1)*j/2) = A(i,j) for 1<=i<=j; * if UPLO = 'L', AP(i + (j-1)*(2*n-j)/2) = A(i,j) for j<=i<=n. * * On exit, AP is overwritten by values generated during the * reduction to tridiagonal form. If UPLO = 'U', the diagonal * and first superdiagonal of the tridiagonal matrix T overwrite * the corresponding elements of A, and if UPLO = 'L', the * diagonal and first subdiagonal of T overwrite the * corresponding elements of A. * * W (output) REAL array, dimension (N) * If INFO = 0, the eigenvalues in ascending order. * * Z (output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDZ, N) * If JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, Z contains the orthonormal * eigenvectors of the matrix A, with the i-th column of Z * holding the eigenvector associated with W(i). * If JOBZ = 'N', then Z is not referenced. * * LDZ (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array Z. LDZ >= 1, and if * JOBZ = 'V', LDZ >= max(1,N). * * WORK (workspace/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK)) * On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the required LWORK. * * LWORK (input) INTEGER * The dimension of array WORK. * If N <= 1, LWORK must be at least 1. * If JOBZ = 'N' and N > 1, LWORK must be at least N. * If JOBZ = 'V' and N > 1, LWORK must be at least 2*N. * * If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine * only calculates the required sizes of the WORK, RWORK and * IWORK arrays, returns these values as the first entries of * the WORK, RWORK and IWORK arrays, and no error message * related to LWORK or LRWORK or LIWORK is issued by XERBLA. * * RWORK (workspace/output) REAL array, dimension (MAX(1,LRWORK)) * On exit, if INFO = 0, RWORK(1) returns the required LRWORK. * * LRWORK (input) INTEGER * The dimension of array RWORK. * If N <= 1, LRWORK must be at least 1. * If JOBZ = 'N' and N > 1, LRWORK must be at least N. * If JOBZ = 'V' and N > 1, LRWORK must be at least * 1 + 5*N + 2*N**2. * * If LRWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the * routine only calculates the required sizes of the WORK, RWORK * and IWORK arrays, returns these values as the first entries * of the WORK, RWORK and IWORK arrays, and no error message * related to LWORK or LRWORK or LIWORK is issued by XERBLA. * * IWORK (workspace/output) INTEGER array, dimension (MAX(1,LIWORK)) * On exit, if INFO = 0, IWORK(1) returns the required LIWORK. * * LIWORK (input) INTEGER * The dimension of array IWORK. * If JOBZ = 'N' or N <= 1, LIWORK must be at least 1. * If JOBZ = 'V' and N > 1, LIWORK must be at least 3 + 5*N. * * If LIWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the * routine only calculates the required sizes of the WORK, RWORK * and IWORK arrays, returns these values as the first entries * of the WORK, RWORK and IWORK arrays, and no error message * related to LWORK or LRWORK or LIWORK is issued by XERBLA. * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit * < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value. * > 0: if INFO = i, the algorithm failed to converge; i * off-diagonal elements of an intermediate tridiagonal * form did not converge to zero. * * ===================================================================== *go to the page top

USAGE: m, w, z, ifail, info, ap = NumRu::Lapack.chpevx( jobz, range, uplo, ap, vl, vu, il, iu, abstol, [:usage => usage, :help => help]) FORTRAN MANUAL SUBROUTINE CHPEVX( JOBZ, RANGE, UPLO, N, AP, VL, VU, IL, IU, ABSTOL, M, W, Z, LDZ, WORK, RWORK, IWORK, IFAIL, INFO ) * Purpose * ======= * * CHPEVX computes selected eigenvalues and, optionally, eigenvectors * of a complex Hermitian matrix A in packed storage. * Eigenvalues/vectors can be selected by specifying either a range of * values or a range of indices for the desired eigenvalues. * * Arguments * ========= * * JOBZ (input) CHARACTER*1 * = 'N': Compute eigenvalues only; * = 'V': Compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors. * * RANGE (input) CHARACTER*1 * = 'A': all eigenvalues will be found; * = 'V': all eigenvalues in the half-open interval (VL,VU] * will be found; * = 'I': the IL-th through IU-th eigenvalues will be found. * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * = 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored; * = 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored. * * N (input) INTEGER * The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. * * AP (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (N*(N+1)/2) * On entry, the upper or lower triangle of the Hermitian matrix * A, packed columnwise in a linear array. The j-th column of A * is stored in the array AP as follows: * if UPLO = 'U', AP(i + (j-1)*j/2) = A(i,j) for 1<=i<=j; * if UPLO = 'L', AP(i + (j-1)*(2*n-j)/2) = A(i,j) for j<=i<=n. * * On exit, AP is overwritten by values generated during the * reduction to tridiagonal form. If UPLO = 'U', the diagonal * and first superdiagonal of the tridiagonal matrix T overwrite * the corresponding elements of A, and if UPLO = 'L', the * diagonal and first subdiagonal of T overwrite the * corresponding elements of A. * * VL (input) REAL * VU (input) REAL * If RANGE='V', the lower and upper bounds of the interval to * be searched for eigenvalues. VL < VU. * Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'I'. * * IL (input) INTEGER * IU (input) INTEGER * If RANGE='I', the indices (in ascending order) of the * smallest and largest eigenvalues to be returned. * 1 <= IL <= IU <= N, if N > 0; IL = 1 and IU = 0 if N = 0. * Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'V'. * * ABSTOL (input) REAL * The absolute error tolerance for the eigenvalues. * An approximate eigenvalue is accepted as converged * when it is determined to lie in an interval [a,b] * of width less than or equal to * * ABSTOL + EPS * max( |a|,|b| ) , * * where EPS is the machine precision. If ABSTOL is less than * or equal to zero, then EPS*|T| will be used in its place, * where |T| is the 1-norm of the tridiagonal matrix obtained * by reducing AP to tridiagonal form. * * Eigenvalues will be computed most accurately when ABSTOL is * set to twice the underflow threshold 2*SLAMCH('S'), not zero. * If this routine returns with INFO>0, indicating that some * eigenvectors did not converge, try setting ABSTOL to * 2*SLAMCH('S'). * * See "Computing Small Singular Values of Bidiagonal Matrices * with Guaranteed High Relative Accuracy," by Demmel and * Kahan, LAPACK Working Note #3. * * M (output) INTEGER * The total number of eigenvalues found. 0 <= M <= N. * If RANGE = 'A', M = N, and if RANGE = 'I', M = IU-IL+1. * * W (output) REAL array, dimension (N) * If INFO = 0, the selected eigenvalues in ascending order. * * Z (output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDZ, max(1,M)) * If JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, the first M columns of Z * contain the orthonormal eigenvectors of the matrix A * corresponding to the selected eigenvalues, with the i-th * column of Z holding the eigenvector associated with W(i). * If an eigenvector fails to converge, then that column of Z * contains the latest approximation to the eigenvector, and * the index of the eigenvector is returned in IFAIL. * If JOBZ = 'N', then Z is not referenced. * Note: the user must ensure that at least max(1,M) columns are * supplied in the array Z; if RANGE = 'V', the exact value of M * is not known in advance and an upper bound must be used. * * LDZ (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array Z. LDZ >= 1, and if * JOBZ = 'V', LDZ >= max(1,N). * * WORK (workspace) COMPLEX array, dimension (2*N) * * RWORK (workspace) REAL array, dimension (7*N) * * IWORK (workspace) INTEGER array, dimension (5*N) * * IFAIL (output) INTEGER array, dimension (N) * If JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, the first M elements of * IFAIL are zero. If INFO > 0, then IFAIL contains the * indices of the eigenvectors that failed to converge. * If JOBZ = 'N', then IFAIL is not referenced. * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit * < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value * > 0: if INFO = i, then i eigenvectors failed to converge. * Their indices are stored in array IFAIL. * * ===================================================================== *go to the page top

USAGE: info, ap = NumRu::Lapack.chpgst( itype, uplo, n, ap, bp, [:usage => usage, :help => help]) FORTRAN MANUAL SUBROUTINE CHPGST( ITYPE, UPLO, N, AP, BP, INFO ) * Purpose * ======= * * CHPGST reduces a complex Hermitian-definite generalized * eigenproblem to standard form, using packed storage. * * If ITYPE = 1, the problem is A*x = lambda*B*x, * and A is overwritten by inv(U**H)*A*inv(U) or inv(L)*A*inv(L**H) * * If ITYPE = 2 or 3, the problem is A*B*x = lambda*x or * B*A*x = lambda*x, and A is overwritten by U*A*U**H or L**H*A*L. * * B must have been previously factorized as U**H*U or L*L**H by CPPTRF. * * Arguments * ========= * * ITYPE (input) INTEGER * = 1: compute inv(U**H)*A*inv(U) or inv(L)*A*inv(L**H); * = 2 or 3: compute U*A*U**H or L**H*A*L. * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * = 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored and B is factored as * U**H*U; * = 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored and B is factored as * L*L**H. * * N (input) INTEGER * The order of the matrices A and B. N >= 0. * * AP (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (N*(N+1)/2) * On entry, the upper or lower triangle of the Hermitian matrix * A, packed columnwise in a linear array. The j-th column of A * is stored in the array AP as follows: * if UPLO = 'U', AP(i + (j-1)*j/2) = A(i,j) for 1<=i<=j; * if UPLO = 'L', AP(i + (j-1)*(2n-j)/2) = A(i,j) for j<=i<=n. * * On exit, if INFO = 0, the transformed matrix, stored in the * same format as A. * * BP (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (N*(N+1)/2) * The triangular factor from the Cholesky factorization of B, * stored in the same format as A, as returned by CPPTRF. * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit * < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value * * ===================================================================== *go to the page top

USAGE: w, z, info, ap, bp = NumRu::Lapack.chpgv( itype, jobz, uplo, ap, bp, [:usage => usage, :help => help]) FORTRAN MANUAL SUBROUTINE CHPGV( ITYPE, JOBZ, UPLO, N, AP, BP, W, Z, LDZ, WORK, RWORK, INFO ) * Purpose * ======= * * CHPGV computes all the eigenvalues and, optionally, the eigenvectors * of a complex generalized Hermitian-definite eigenproblem, of the form * A*x=(lambda)*B*x, A*Bx=(lambda)*x, or B*A*x=(lambda)*x. * Here A and B are assumed to be Hermitian, stored in packed format, * and B is also positive definite. * * Arguments * ========= * * ITYPE (input) INTEGER * Specifies the problem type to be solved: * = 1: A*x = (lambda)*B*x * = 2: A*B*x = (lambda)*x * = 3: B*A*x = (lambda)*x * * JOBZ (input) CHARACTER*1 * = 'N': Compute eigenvalues only; * = 'V': Compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors. * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * = 'U': Upper triangles of A and B are stored; * = 'L': Lower triangles of A and B are stored. * * N (input) INTEGER * The order of the matrices A and B. N >= 0. * * AP (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (N*(N+1)/2) * On entry, the upper or lower triangle of the Hermitian matrix * A, packed columnwise in a linear array. The j-th column of A * is stored in the array AP as follows: * if UPLO = 'U', AP(i + (j-1)*j/2) = A(i,j) for 1<=i<=j; * if UPLO = 'L', AP(i + (j-1)*(2*n-j)/2) = A(i,j) for j<=i<=n. * * On exit, the contents of AP are destroyed. * * BP (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (N*(N+1)/2) * On entry, the upper or lower triangle of the Hermitian matrix * B, packed columnwise in a linear array. The j-th column of B * is stored in the array BP as follows: * if UPLO = 'U', BP(i + (j-1)*j/2) = B(i,j) for 1<=i<=j; * if UPLO = 'L', BP(i + (j-1)*(2*n-j)/2) = B(i,j) for j<=i<=n. * * On exit, the triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky * factorization B = U**H*U or B = L*L**H, in the same storage * format as B. * * W (output) REAL array, dimension (N) * If INFO = 0, the eigenvalues in ascending order. * * Z (output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDZ, N) * If JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, Z contains the matrix Z of * eigenvectors. The eigenvectors are normalized as follows: * if ITYPE = 1 or 2, Z**H*B*Z = I; * if ITYPE = 3, Z**H*inv(B)*Z = I. * If JOBZ = 'N', then Z is not referenced. * * LDZ (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array Z. LDZ >= 1, and if * JOBZ = 'V', LDZ >= max(1,N). * * WORK (workspace) COMPLEX array, dimension (max(1, 2*N-1)) * * RWORK (workspace) REAL array, dimension (max(1, 3*N-2)) * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit * < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value * > 0: CPPTRF or CHPEV returned an error code: * <= N: if INFO = i, CHPEV failed to converge; * i off-diagonal elements of an intermediate * tridiagonal form did not convergeto zero; * > N: if INFO = N + i, for 1 <= i <= n, then the leading * minor of order i of B is not positive definite. * The factorization of B could not be completed and * no eigenvalues or eigenvectors were computed. * * ===================================================================== * * .. Local Scalars .. LOGICAL UPPER, WANTZ CHARACTER TRANS INTEGER J, NEIG * .. * .. External Functions .. LOGICAL LSAME EXTERNAL LSAME * .. * .. External Subroutines .. EXTERNAL CHPEV, CHPGST, CPPTRF, CTPMV, CTPSV, XERBLA * ..go to the page top

USAGE: w, z, iwork, info, ap, bp = NumRu::Lapack.chpgvd( itype, jobz, uplo, ap, bp, [:lwork => lwork, :lrwork => lrwork, :liwork => liwork, :usage => usage, :help => help]) FORTRAN MANUAL SUBROUTINE CHPGVD( ITYPE, JOBZ, UPLO, N, AP, BP, W, Z, LDZ, WORK, LWORK, RWORK, LRWORK, IWORK, LIWORK, INFO ) * Purpose * ======= * * CHPGVD computes all the eigenvalues and, optionally, the eigenvectors * of a complex generalized Hermitian-definite eigenproblem, of the form * A*x=(lambda)*B*x, A*Bx=(lambda)*x, or B*A*x=(lambda)*x. Here A and * B are assumed to be Hermitian, stored in packed format, and B is also * positive definite. * If eigenvectors are desired, it uses a divide and conquer algorithm. * * The divide and conquer algorithm makes very mild assumptions about * floating point arithmetic. It will work on machines with a guard * digit in add/subtract, or on those binary machines without guard * digits which subtract like the Cray X-MP, Cray Y-MP, Cray C-90, or * Cray-2. It could conceivably fail on hexadecimal or decimal machines * without guard digits, but we know of none. * * Arguments * ========= * * ITYPE (input) INTEGER * Specifies the problem type to be solved: * = 1: A*x = (lambda)*B*x * = 2: A*B*x = (lambda)*x * = 3: B*A*x = (lambda)*x * * JOBZ (input) CHARACTER*1 * = 'N': Compute eigenvalues only; * = 'V': Compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors. * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * = 'U': Upper triangles of A and B are stored; * = 'L': Lower triangles of A and B are stored. * * N (input) INTEGER * The order of the matrices A and B. N >= 0. * * AP (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (N*(N+1)/2) * On entry, the upper or lower triangle of the Hermitian matrix * A, packed columnwise in a linear array. The j-th column of A * is stored in the array AP as follows: * if UPLO = 'U', AP(i + (j-1)*j/2) = A(i,j) for 1<=i<=j; * if UPLO = 'L', AP(i + (j-1)*(2*n-j)/2) = A(i,j) for j<=i<=n. * * On exit, the contents of AP are destroyed. * * BP (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (N*(N+1)/2) * On entry, the upper or lower triangle of the Hermitian matrix * B, packed columnwise in a linear array. The j-th column of B * is stored in the array BP as follows: * if UPLO = 'U', BP(i + (j-1)*j/2) = B(i,j) for 1<=i<=j; * if UPLO = 'L', BP(i + (j-1)*(2*n-j)/2) = B(i,j) for j<=i<=n. * * On exit, the triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky * factorization B = U**H*U or B = L*L**H, in the same storage * format as B. * * W (output) REAL array, dimension (N) * If INFO = 0, the eigenvalues in ascending order. * * Z (output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDZ, N) * If JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, Z contains the matrix Z of * eigenvectors. The eigenvectors are normalized as follows: * if ITYPE = 1 or 2, Z**H*B*Z = I; * if ITYPE = 3, Z**H*inv(B)*Z = I. * If JOBZ = 'N', then Z is not referenced. * * LDZ (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array Z. LDZ >= 1, and if * JOBZ = 'V', LDZ >= max(1,N). * * WORK (workspace) COMPLEX array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK)) * On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the required LWORK. * * LWORK (input) INTEGER * The dimension of array WORK. * If N <= 1, LWORK >= 1. * If JOBZ = 'N' and N > 1, LWORK >= N. * If JOBZ = 'V' and N > 1, LWORK >= 2*N. * * If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine * only calculates the required sizes of the WORK, RWORK and * IWORK arrays, returns these values as the first entries of * the WORK, RWORK and IWORK arrays, and no error message * related to LWORK or LRWORK or LIWORK is issued by XERBLA. * * RWORK (workspace) REAL array, dimension (MAX(1,LRWORK)) * On exit, if INFO = 0, RWORK(1) returns the required LRWORK. * * LRWORK (input) INTEGER * The dimension of array RWORK. * If N <= 1, LRWORK >= 1. * If JOBZ = 'N' and N > 1, LRWORK >= N. * If JOBZ = 'V' and N > 1, LRWORK >= 1 + 5*N + 2*N**2. * * If LRWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the * routine only calculates the required sizes of the WORK, RWORK * and IWORK arrays, returns these values as the first entries * of the WORK, RWORK and IWORK arrays, and no error message * related to LWORK or LRWORK or LIWORK is issued by XERBLA. * * IWORK (workspace/output) INTEGER array, dimension (MAX(1,LIWORK)) * On exit, if INFO = 0, IWORK(1) returns the required LIWORK. * * LIWORK (input) INTEGER * The dimension of array IWORK. * If JOBZ = 'N' or N <= 1, LIWORK >= 1. * If JOBZ = 'V' and N > 1, LIWORK >= 3 + 5*N. * * If LIWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the * routine only calculates the required sizes of the WORK, RWORK * and IWORK arrays, returns these values as the first entries * of the WORK, RWORK and IWORK arrays, and no error message * related to LWORK or LRWORK or LIWORK is issued by XERBLA. * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit * < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value * > 0: CPPTRF or CHPEVD returned an error code: * <= N: if INFO = i, CHPEVD failed to converge; * i off-diagonal elements of an intermediate * tridiagonal form did not convergeto zero; * > N: if INFO = N + i, for 1 <= i <= n, then the leading * minor of order i of B is not positive definite. * The factorization of B could not be completed and * no eigenvalues or eigenvectors were computed. * * Further Details * =============== * * Based on contributions by * Mark Fahey, Department of Mathematics, Univ. of Kentucky, USA * * ===================================================================== * * .. Local Scalars .. LOGICAL LQUERY, UPPER, WANTZ CHARACTER TRANS INTEGER J, LIWMIN, LRWMIN, LWMIN, NEIG * .. * .. External Functions .. LOGICAL LSAME EXTERNAL LSAME * .. * .. External Subroutines .. EXTERNAL CHPEVD, CHPGST, CPPTRF, CTPMV, CTPSV, XERBLA * .. * .. Intrinsic Functions .. INTRINSIC MAX, REAL * ..go to the page top

USAGE: m, w, z, ifail, info, ap, bp = NumRu::Lapack.chpgvx( itype, jobz, range, uplo, ap, bp, vl, vu, il, iu, abstol, [:usage => usage, :help => help]) FORTRAN MANUAL SUBROUTINE CHPGVX( ITYPE, JOBZ, RANGE, UPLO, N, AP, BP, VL, VU, IL, IU, ABSTOL, M, W, Z, LDZ, WORK, RWORK, IWORK, IFAIL, INFO ) * Purpose * ======= * * CHPGVX computes selected eigenvalues and, optionally, eigenvectors * of a complex generalized Hermitian-definite eigenproblem, of the form * A*x=(lambda)*B*x, A*Bx=(lambda)*x, or B*A*x=(lambda)*x. Here A and * B are assumed to be Hermitian, stored in packed format, and B is also * positive definite. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors can be selected by * specifying either a range of values or a range of indices for the * desired eigenvalues. * * Arguments * ========= * * ITYPE (input) INTEGER * Specifies the problem type to be solved: * = 1: A*x = (lambda)*B*x * = 2: A*B*x = (lambda)*x * = 3: B*A*x = (lambda)*x * * JOBZ (input) CHARACTER*1 * = 'N': Compute eigenvalues only; * = 'V': Compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors. * * RANGE (input) CHARACTER*1 * = 'A': all eigenvalues will be found; * = 'V': all eigenvalues in the half-open interval (VL,VU] * will be found; * = 'I': the IL-th through IU-th eigenvalues will be found. * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * = 'U': Upper triangles of A and B are stored; * = 'L': Lower triangles of A and B are stored. * * N (input) INTEGER * The order of the matrices A and B. N >= 0. * * AP (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (N*(N+1)/2) * On entry, the upper or lower triangle of the Hermitian matrix * A, packed columnwise in a linear array. The j-th column of A * is stored in the array AP as follows: * if UPLO = 'U', AP(i + (j-1)*j/2) = A(i,j) for 1<=i<=j; * if UPLO = 'L', AP(i + (j-1)*(2*n-j)/2) = A(i,j) for j<=i<=n. * * On exit, the contents of AP are destroyed. * * BP (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (N*(N+1)/2) * On entry, the upper or lower triangle of the Hermitian matrix * B, packed columnwise in a linear array. The j-th column of B * is stored in the array BP as follows: * if UPLO = 'U', BP(i + (j-1)*j/2) = B(i,j) for 1<=i<=j; * if UPLO = 'L', BP(i + (j-1)*(2*n-j)/2) = B(i,j) for j<=i<=n. * * On exit, the triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky * factorization B = U**H*U or B = L*L**H, in the same storage * format as B. * * VL (input) REAL * VU (input) REAL * If RANGE='V', the lower and upper bounds of the interval to * be searched for eigenvalues. VL < VU. * Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'I'. * * IL (input) INTEGER * IU (input) INTEGER * If RANGE='I', the indices (in ascending order) of the * smallest and largest eigenvalues to be returned. * 1 <= IL <= IU <= N, if N > 0; IL = 1 and IU = 0 if N = 0. * Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'V'. * * ABSTOL (input) REAL * The absolute error tolerance for the eigenvalues. * An approximate eigenvalue is accepted as converged * when it is determined to lie in an interval [a,b] * of width less than or equal to * * ABSTOL + EPS * max( |a|,|b| ) , * * where EPS is the machine precision. If ABSTOL is less than * or equal to zero, then EPS*|T| will be used in its place, * where |T| is the 1-norm of the tridiagonal matrix obtained * by reducing AP to tridiagonal form. * * Eigenvalues will be computed most accurately when ABSTOL is * set to twice the underflow threshold 2*SLAMCH('S'), not zero. * If this routine returns with INFO>0, indicating that some * eigenvectors did not converge, try setting ABSTOL to * 2*SLAMCH('S'). * * M (output) INTEGER * The total number of eigenvalues found. 0 <= M <= N. * If RANGE = 'A', M = N, and if RANGE = 'I', M = IU-IL+1. * * W (output) REAL array, dimension (N) * On normal exit, the first M elements contain the selected * eigenvalues in ascending order. * * Z (output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDZ, N) * If JOBZ = 'N', then Z is not referenced. * If JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, the first M columns of Z * contain the orthonormal eigenvectors of the matrix A * corresponding to the selected eigenvalues, with the i-th * column of Z holding the eigenvector associated with W(i). * The eigenvectors are normalized as follows: * if ITYPE = 1 or 2, Z**H*B*Z = I; * if ITYPE = 3, Z**H*inv(B)*Z = I. * * If an eigenvector fails to converge, then that column of Z * contains the latest approximation to the eigenvector, and the * index of the eigenvector is returned in IFAIL. * Note: the user must ensure that at least max(1,M) columns are * supplied in the array Z; if RANGE = 'V', the exact value of M * is not known in advance and an upper bound must be used. * * LDZ (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array Z. LDZ >= 1, and if * JOBZ = 'V', LDZ >= max(1,N). * * WORK (workspace) COMPLEX array, dimension (2*N) * * RWORK (workspace) REAL array, dimension (7*N) * * IWORK (workspace) INTEGER array, dimension (5*N) * * IFAIL (output) INTEGER array, dimension (N) * If JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, the first M elements of * IFAIL are zero. If INFO > 0, then IFAIL contains the * indices of the eigenvectors that failed to converge. * If JOBZ = 'N', then IFAIL is not referenced. * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit * < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value * > 0: CPPTRF or CHPEVX returned an error code: * <= N: if INFO = i, CHPEVX failed to converge; * i eigenvectors failed to converge. Their indices * are stored in array IFAIL. * > N: if INFO = N + i, for 1 <= i <= n, then the leading * minor of order i of B is not positive definite. * The factorization of B could not be completed and * no eigenvalues or eigenvectors were computed. * * Further Details * =============== * * Based on contributions by * Mark Fahey, Department of Mathematics, Univ. of Kentucky, USA * * ===================================================================== * * .. Local Scalars .. LOGICAL ALLEIG, INDEIG, UPPER, VALEIG, WANTZ CHARACTER TRANS INTEGER J * .. * .. External Functions .. LOGICAL LSAME EXTERNAL LSAME * .. * .. External Subroutines .. EXTERNAL CHPEVX, CHPGST, CPPTRF, CTPMV, CTPSV, XERBLA * .. * .. Intrinsic Functions .. INTRINSIC MIN * ..go to the page top

USAGE: ferr, berr, info, x = NumRu::Lapack.chprfs( uplo, ap, afp, ipiv, b, x, [:usage => usage, :help => help]) FORTRAN MANUAL SUBROUTINE CHPRFS( UPLO, N, NRHS, AP, AFP, IPIV, B, LDB, X, LDX, FERR, BERR, WORK, RWORK, INFO ) * Purpose * ======= * * CHPRFS improves the computed solution to a system of linear * equations when the coefficient matrix is Hermitian indefinite * and packed, and provides error bounds and backward error estimates * for the solution. * * Arguments * ========= * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * = 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored; * = 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored. * * N (input) INTEGER * The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. * * NRHS (input) INTEGER * The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns * of the matrices B and X. NRHS >= 0. * * AP (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (N*(N+1)/2) * The upper or lower triangle of the Hermitian matrix A, packed * columnwise in a linear array. The j-th column of A is stored * in the array AP as follows: * if UPLO = 'U', AP(i + (j-1)*j/2) = A(i,j) for 1<=i<=j; * if UPLO = 'L', AP(i + (j-1)*(2*n-j)/2) = A(i,j) for j<=i<=n. * * AFP (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (N*(N+1)/2) * The factored form of the matrix A. AFP contains the block * diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used to obtain the * factor U or L from the factorization A = U*D*U**H or * A = L*D*L**H as computed by CHPTRF, stored as a packed * triangular matrix. * * IPIV (input) INTEGER array, dimension (N) * Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D * as determined by CHPTRF. * * B (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDB,NRHS) * The right hand side matrix B. * * LDB (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N). * * X (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDX,NRHS) * On entry, the solution matrix X, as computed by CHPTRS. * On exit, the improved solution matrix X. * * LDX (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array X. LDX >= max(1,N). * * FERR (output) REAL array, dimension (NRHS) * The estimated forward error bound for each solution vector * X(j) (the j-th column of the solution matrix X). * If XTRUE is the true solution corresponding to X(j), FERR(j) * is an estimated upper bound for the magnitude of the largest * element in (X(j) - XTRUE) divided by the magnitude of the * largest element in X(j). The estimate is as reliable as * the estimate for RCOND, and is almost always a slight * overestimate of the true error. * * BERR (output) REAL array, dimension (NRHS) * The componentwise relative backward error of each solution * vector X(j) (i.e., the smallest relative change in * any element of A or B that makes X(j) an exact solution). * * WORK (workspace) COMPLEX array, dimension (2*N) * * RWORK (workspace) REAL array, dimension (N) * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit * < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value * * Internal Parameters * =================== * * ITMAX is the maximum number of steps of iterative refinement. * * ===================================================================== *go to the page top

USAGE: ipiv, info, ap, b = NumRu::Lapack.chpsv( uplo, ap, b, [:usage => usage, :help => help]) FORTRAN MANUAL SUBROUTINE CHPSV( UPLO, N, NRHS, AP, IPIV, B, LDB, INFO ) * Purpose * ======= * * CHPSV computes the solution to a complex system of linear equations * A * X = B, * where A is an N-by-N Hermitian matrix stored in packed format and X * and B are N-by-NRHS matrices. * * The diagonal pivoting method is used to factor A as * A = U * D * U**H, if UPLO = 'U', or * A = L * D * L**H, if UPLO = 'L', * where U (or L) is a product of permutation and unit upper (lower) * triangular matrices, D is Hermitian and block diagonal with 1-by-1 * and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks. The factored form of A is then used to * solve the system of equations A * X = B. * * Arguments * ========= * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * = 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored; * = 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored. * * N (input) INTEGER * The number of linear equations, i.e., the order of the * matrix A. N >= 0. * * NRHS (input) INTEGER * The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns * of the matrix B. NRHS >= 0. * * AP (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (N*(N+1)/2) * On entry, the upper or lower triangle of the Hermitian matrix * A, packed columnwise in a linear array. The j-th column of A * is stored in the array AP as follows: * if UPLO = 'U', AP(i + (j-1)*j/2) = A(i,j) for 1<=i<=j; * if UPLO = 'L', AP(i + (j-1)*(2n-j)/2) = A(i,j) for j<=i<=n. * See below for further details. * * On exit, the block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used * to obtain the factor U or L from the factorization * A = U*D*U**H or A = L*D*L**H as computed by CHPTRF, stored as * a packed triangular matrix in the same storage format as A. * * IPIV (output) INTEGER array, dimension (N) * Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D, as * determined by CHPTRF. If IPIV(k) > 0, then rows and columns * k and IPIV(k) were interchanged, and D(k,k) is a 1-by-1 * diagonal block. If UPLO = 'U' and IPIV(k) = IPIV(k-1) < 0, * then rows and columns k-1 and -IPIV(k) were interchanged and * D(k-1:k,k-1:k) is a 2-by-2 diagonal block. If UPLO = 'L' and * IPIV(k) = IPIV(k+1) < 0, then rows and columns k+1 and * -IPIV(k) were interchanged and D(k:k+1,k:k+1) is a 2-by-2 * diagonal block. * * B (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDB,NRHS) * On entry, the N-by-NRHS right hand side matrix B. * On exit, if INFO = 0, the N-by-NRHS solution matrix X. * * LDB (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N). * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit * < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value * > 0: if INFO = i, D(i,i) is exactly zero. The factorization * has been completed, but the block diagonal matrix D is * exactly singular, so the solution could not be * computed. * * Further Details * =============== * * The packed storage scheme is illustrated by the following example * when N = 4, UPLO = 'U': * * Two-dimensional storage of the Hermitian matrix A: * * a11 a12 a13 a14 * a22 a23 a24 * a33 a34 (aij = conjg(aji)) * a44 * * Packed storage of the upper triangle of A: * * AP = [ a11, a12, a22, a13, a23, a33, a14, a24, a34, a44 ] * * ===================================================================== * * .. External Functions .. LOGICAL LSAME EXTERNAL LSAME * .. * .. External Subroutines .. EXTERNAL CHPTRF, CHPTRS, XERBLA * .. * .. Intrinsic Functions .. INTRINSIC MAX * ..go to the page top

USAGE: x, rcond, ferr, berr, info, afp, ipiv = NumRu::Lapack.chpsvx( fact, uplo, ap, afp, ipiv, b, [:usage => usage, :help => help]) FORTRAN MANUAL SUBROUTINE CHPSVX( FACT, UPLO, N, NRHS, AP, AFP, IPIV, B, LDB, X, LDX, RCOND, FERR, BERR, WORK, RWORK, INFO ) * Purpose * ======= * * CHPSVX uses the diagonal pivoting factorization A = U*D*U**H or * A = L*D*L**H to compute the solution to a complex system of linear * equations A * X = B, where A is an N-by-N Hermitian matrix stored * in packed format and X and B are N-by-NRHS matrices. * * Error bounds on the solution and a condition estimate are also * provided. * * Description * =========== * * The following steps are performed: * * 1. If FACT = 'N', the diagonal pivoting method is used to factor A as * A = U * D * U**H, if UPLO = 'U', or * A = L * D * L**H, if UPLO = 'L', * where U (or L) is a product of permutation and unit upper (lower) * triangular matrices and D is Hermitian and block diagonal with * 1-by-1 and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks. * * 2. If some D(i,i)=0, so that D is exactly singular, then the routine * returns with INFO = i. Otherwise, the factored form of A is used * to estimate the condition number of the matrix A. If the * reciprocal of the condition number is less than machine precision, * INFO = N+1 is returned as a warning, but the routine still goes on * to solve for X and compute error bounds as described below. * * 3. The system of equations is solved for X using the factored form * of A. * * 4. Iterative refinement is applied to improve the computed solution * matrix and calculate error bounds and backward error estimates * for it. * * Arguments * ========= * * FACT (input) CHARACTER*1 * Specifies whether or not the factored form of A has been * supplied on entry. * = 'F': On entry, AFP and IPIV contain the factored form of * A. AFP and IPIV will not be modified. * = 'N': The matrix A will be copied to AFP and factored. * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * = 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored; * = 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored. * * N (input) INTEGER * The number of linear equations, i.e., the order of the * matrix A. N >= 0. * * NRHS (input) INTEGER * The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns * of the matrices B and X. NRHS >= 0. * * AP (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (N*(N+1)/2) * The upper or lower triangle of the Hermitian matrix A, packed * columnwise in a linear array. The j-th column of A is stored * in the array AP as follows: * if UPLO = 'U', AP(i + (j-1)*j/2) = A(i,j) for 1<=i<=j; * if UPLO = 'L', AP(i + (j-1)*(2*n-j)/2) = A(i,j) for j<=i<=n. * See below for further details. * * AFP (input or output) COMPLEX array, dimension (N*(N+1)/2) * If FACT = 'F', then AFP is an input argument and on entry * contains the block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used * to obtain the factor U or L from the factorization * A = U*D*U**H or A = L*D*L**H as computed by CHPTRF, stored as * a packed triangular matrix in the same storage format as A. * * If FACT = 'N', then AFP is an output argument and on exit * contains the block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used * to obtain the factor U or L from the factorization * A = U*D*U**H or A = L*D*L**H as computed by CHPTRF, stored as * a packed triangular matrix in the same storage format as A. * * IPIV (input or output) INTEGER array, dimension (N) * If FACT = 'F', then IPIV is an input argument and on entry * contains details of the interchanges and the block structure * of D, as determined by CHPTRF. * If IPIV(k) > 0, then rows and columns k and IPIV(k) were * interchanged and D(k,k) is a 1-by-1 diagonal block. * If UPLO = 'U' and IPIV(k) = IPIV(k-1) < 0, then rows and * columns k-1 and -IPIV(k) were interchanged and D(k-1:k,k-1:k) * is a 2-by-2 diagonal block. If UPLO = 'L' and IPIV(k) = * IPIV(k+1) < 0, then rows and columns k+1 and -IPIV(k) were * interchanged and D(k:k+1,k:k+1) is a 2-by-2 diagonal block. * * If FACT = 'N', then IPIV is an output argument and on exit * contains details of the interchanges and the block structure * of D, as determined by CHPTRF. * * B (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDB,NRHS) * The N-by-NRHS right hand side matrix B. * * LDB (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N). * * X (output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDX,NRHS) * If INFO = 0 or INFO = N+1, the N-by-NRHS solution matrix X. * * LDX (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array X. LDX >= max(1,N). * * RCOND (output) REAL * The estimate of the reciprocal condition number of the matrix * A. If RCOND is less than the machine precision (in * particular, if RCOND = 0), the matrix is singular to working * precision. This condition is indicated by a return code of * INFO > 0. * * FERR (output) REAL array, dimension (NRHS) * The estimated forward error bound for each solution vector * X(j) (the j-th column of the solution matrix X). * If XTRUE is the true solution corresponding to X(j), FERR(j) * is an estimated upper bound for the magnitude of the largest * element in (X(j) - XTRUE) divided by the magnitude of the * largest element in X(j). The estimate is as reliable as * the estimate for RCOND, and is almost always a slight * overestimate of the true error. * * BERR (output) REAL array, dimension (NRHS) * The componentwise relative backward error of each solution * vector X(j) (i.e., the smallest relative change in * any element of A or B that makes X(j) an exact solution). * * WORK (workspace) COMPLEX array, dimension (2*N) * * RWORK (workspace) REAL array, dimension (N) * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit * < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value * > 0: if INFO = i, and i is * <= N: D(i,i) is exactly zero. The factorization * has been completed but the factor D is exactly * singular, so the solution and error bounds could * not be computed. RCOND = 0 is returned. * = N+1: D is nonsingular, but RCOND is less than machine * precision, meaning that the matrix is singular * to working precision. Nevertheless, the * solution and error bounds are computed because * there are a number of situations where the * computed solution can be more accurate than the * value of RCOND would suggest. * * Further Details * =============== * * The packed storage scheme is illustrated by the following example * when N = 4, UPLO = 'U': * * Two-dimensional storage of the Hermitian matrix A: * * a11 a12 a13 a14 * a22 a23 a24 * a33 a34 (aij = conjg(aji)) * a44 * * Packed storage of the upper triangle of A: * * AP = [ a11, a12, a22, a13, a23, a33, a14, a24, a34, a44 ] * * ===================================================================== *go to the page top

USAGE: d, e, tau, info, ap = NumRu::Lapack.chptrd( uplo, ap, [:usage => usage, :help => help]) FORTRAN MANUAL SUBROUTINE CHPTRD( UPLO, N, AP, D, E, TAU, INFO ) * Purpose * ======= * * CHPTRD reduces a complex Hermitian matrix A stored in packed form to * real symmetric tridiagonal form T by a unitary similarity * transformation: Q**H * A * Q = T. * * Arguments * ========= * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * = 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored; * = 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored. * * N (input) INTEGER * The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. * * AP (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (N*(N+1)/2) * On entry, the upper or lower triangle of the Hermitian matrix * A, packed columnwise in a linear array. The j-th column of A * is stored in the array AP as follows: * if UPLO = 'U', AP(i + (j-1)*j/2) = A(i,j) for 1<=i<=j; * if UPLO = 'L', AP(i + (j-1)*(2*n-j)/2) = A(i,j) for j<=i<=n. * On exit, if UPLO = 'U', the diagonal and first superdiagonal * of A are overwritten by the corresponding elements of the * tridiagonal matrix T, and the elements above the first * superdiagonal, with the array TAU, represent the unitary * matrix Q as a product of elementary reflectors; if UPLO * = 'L', the diagonal and first subdiagonal of A are over- * written by the corresponding elements of the tridiagonal * matrix T, and the elements below the first subdiagonal, with * the array TAU, represent the unitary matrix Q as a product * of elementary reflectors. See Further Details. * * D (output) REAL array, dimension (N) * The diagonal elements of the tridiagonal matrix T: * D(i) = A(i,i). * * E (output) REAL array, dimension (N-1) * The off-diagonal elements of the tridiagonal matrix T: * E(i) = A(i,i+1) if UPLO = 'U', E(i) = A(i+1,i) if UPLO = 'L'. * * TAU (output) COMPLEX array, dimension (N-1) * The scalar factors of the elementary reflectors (see Further * Details). * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit * < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value * * Further Details * =============== * * If UPLO = 'U', the matrix Q is represented as a product of elementary * reflectors * * Q = H(n-1) . . . H(2) H(1). * * Each H(i) has the form * * H(i) = I - tau * v * v' * * where tau is a complex scalar, and v is a complex vector with * v(i+1:n) = 0 and v(i) = 1; v(1:i-1) is stored on exit in AP, * overwriting A(1:i-1,i+1), and tau is stored in TAU(i). * * If UPLO = 'L', the matrix Q is represented as a product of elementary * reflectors * * Q = H(1) H(2) . . . H(n-1). * * Each H(i) has the form * * H(i) = I - tau * v * v' * * where tau is a complex scalar, and v is a complex vector with * v(1:i) = 0 and v(i+1) = 1; v(i+2:n) is stored on exit in AP, * overwriting A(i+2:n,i), and tau is stored in TAU(i). * * ===================================================================== *go to the page top

USAGE: ipiv, info, ap = NumRu::Lapack.chptrf( uplo, ap, [:usage => usage, :help => help]) FORTRAN MANUAL SUBROUTINE CHPTRF( UPLO, N, AP, IPIV, INFO ) * Purpose * ======= * * CHPTRF computes the factorization of a complex Hermitian packed * matrix A using the Bunch-Kaufman diagonal pivoting method: * * A = U*D*U**H or A = L*D*L**H * * where U (or L) is a product of permutation and unit upper (lower) * triangular matrices, and D is Hermitian and block diagonal with * 1-by-1 and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks. * * Arguments * ========= * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * = 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored; * = 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored. * * N (input) INTEGER * The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. * * AP (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (N*(N+1)/2) * On entry, the upper or lower triangle of the Hermitian matrix * A, packed columnwise in a linear array. The j-th column of A * is stored in the array AP as follows: * if UPLO = 'U', AP(i + (j-1)*j/2) = A(i,j) for 1<=i<=j; * if UPLO = 'L', AP(i + (j-1)*(2n-j)/2) = A(i,j) for j<=i<=n. * * On exit, the block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used * to obtain the factor U or L, stored as a packed triangular * matrix overwriting A (see below for further details). * * IPIV (output) INTEGER array, dimension (N) * Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D. * If IPIV(k) > 0, then rows and columns k and IPIV(k) were * interchanged and D(k,k) is a 1-by-1 diagonal block. * If UPLO = 'U' and IPIV(k) = IPIV(k-1) < 0, then rows and * columns k-1 and -IPIV(k) were interchanged and D(k-1:k,k-1:k) * is a 2-by-2 diagonal block. If UPLO = 'L' and IPIV(k) = * IPIV(k+1) < 0, then rows and columns k+1 and -IPIV(k) were * interchanged and D(k:k+1,k:k+1) is a 2-by-2 diagonal block. * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit * < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value * > 0: if INFO = i, D(i,i) is exactly zero. The factorization * has been completed, but the block diagonal matrix D is * exactly singular, and division by zero will occur if it * is used to solve a system of equations. * * Further Details * =============== * * 5-96 - Based on modifications by J. Lewis, Boeing Computer Services * Company * * If UPLO = 'U', then A = U*D*U', where * U = P(n)*U(n)* ... *P(k)U(k)* ..., * i.e., U is a product of terms P(k)*U(k), where k decreases from n to * 1 in steps of 1 or 2, and D is a block diagonal matrix with 1-by-1 * and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks D(k). P(k) is a permutation matrix as * defined by IPIV(k), and U(k) is a unit upper triangular matrix, such * that if the diagonal block D(k) is of order s (s = 1 or 2), then * * ( I v 0 ) k-s * U(k) = ( 0 I 0 ) s * ( 0 0 I ) n-k * k-s s n-k * * If s = 1, D(k) overwrites A(k,k), and v overwrites A(1:k-1,k). * If s = 2, the upper triangle of D(k) overwrites A(k-1,k-1), A(k-1,k), * and A(k,k), and v overwrites A(1:k-2,k-1:k). * * If UPLO = 'L', then A = L*D*L', where * L = P(1)*L(1)* ... *P(k)*L(k)* ..., * i.e., L is a product of terms P(k)*L(k), where k increases from 1 to * n in steps of 1 or 2, and D is a block diagonal matrix with 1-by-1 * and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks D(k). P(k) is a permutation matrix as * defined by IPIV(k), and L(k) is a unit lower triangular matrix, such * that if the diagonal block D(k) is of order s (s = 1 or 2), then * * ( I 0 0 ) k-1 * L(k) = ( 0 I 0 ) s * ( 0 v I ) n-k-s+1 * k-1 s n-k-s+1 * * If s = 1, D(k) overwrites A(k,k), and v overwrites A(k+1:n,k). * If s = 2, the lower triangle of D(k) overwrites A(k,k), A(k+1,k), * and A(k+1,k+1), and v overwrites A(k+2:n,k:k+1). * * ===================================================================== *go to the page top

USAGE: info, ap = NumRu::Lapack.chptri( uplo, ap, ipiv, [:usage => usage, :help => help]) FORTRAN MANUAL SUBROUTINE CHPTRI( UPLO, N, AP, IPIV, WORK, INFO ) * Purpose * ======= * * CHPTRI computes the inverse of a complex Hermitian indefinite matrix * A in packed storage using the factorization A = U*D*U**H or * A = L*D*L**H computed by CHPTRF. * * Arguments * ========= * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * Specifies whether the details of the factorization are stored * as an upper or lower triangular matrix. * = 'U': Upper triangular, form is A = U*D*U**H; * = 'L': Lower triangular, form is A = L*D*L**H. * * N (input) INTEGER * The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. * * AP (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (N*(N+1)/2) * On entry, the block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers * used to obtain the factor U or L as computed by CHPTRF, * stored as a packed triangular matrix. * * On exit, if INFO = 0, the (Hermitian) inverse of the original * matrix, stored as a packed triangular matrix. The j-th column * of inv(A) is stored in the array AP as follows: * if UPLO = 'U', AP(i + (j-1)*j/2) = inv(A)(i,j) for 1<=i<=j; * if UPLO = 'L', * AP(i + (j-1)*(2n-j)/2) = inv(A)(i,j) for j<=i<=n. * * IPIV (input) INTEGER array, dimension (N) * Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D * as determined by CHPTRF. * * WORK (workspace) COMPLEX array, dimension (N) * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit * < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value * > 0: if INFO = i, D(i,i) = 0; the matrix is singular and its * inverse could not be computed. * * ===================================================================== *go to the page top

USAGE: info, b = NumRu::Lapack.chptrs( uplo, ap, ipiv, b, [:usage => usage, :help => help]) FORTRAN MANUAL SUBROUTINE CHPTRS( UPLO, N, NRHS, AP, IPIV, B, LDB, INFO ) * Purpose * ======= * * CHPTRS solves a system of linear equations A*X = B with a complex * Hermitian matrix A stored in packed format using the factorization * A = U*D*U**H or A = L*D*L**H computed by CHPTRF. * * Arguments * ========= * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * Specifies whether the details of the factorization are stored * as an upper or lower triangular matrix. * = 'U': Upper triangular, form is A = U*D*U**H; * = 'L': Lower triangular, form is A = L*D*L**H. * * N (input) INTEGER * The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. * * NRHS (input) INTEGER * The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns * of the matrix B. NRHS >= 0. * * AP (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (N*(N+1)/2) * The block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used to * obtain the factor U or L as computed by CHPTRF, stored as a * packed triangular matrix. * * IPIV (input) INTEGER array, dimension (N) * Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D * as determined by CHPTRF. * * B (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDB,NRHS) * On entry, the right hand side matrix B. * On exit, the solution matrix X. * * LDB (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N). * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit * < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value * * ===================================================================== *go to the page top

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