- csycon
- csyconv
- csyequb
- csymv
- csyr
- csyrfs
- csyrfsx
- csysv
- csysvx
- csysvxx
- csyswapr
- csytf2
- csytrf
- csytri
- csytri2
- csytri2x
- csytrs
- csytrs2

USAGE: rcond, info = NumRu::Lapack.csycon( uplo, a, ipiv, anorm, [:usage => usage, :help => help]) FORTRAN MANUAL SUBROUTINE CSYCON( UPLO, N, A, LDA, IPIV, ANORM, RCOND, WORK, INFO ) * Purpose * ======= * * CSYCON estimates the reciprocal of the condition number (in the * 1-norm) of a complex symmetric matrix A using the factorization * A = U*D*U**T or A = L*D*L**T computed by CSYTRF. * * An estimate is obtained for norm(inv(A)), and the reciprocal of the * condition number is computed as RCOND = 1 / (ANORM * norm(inv(A))). * * Arguments * ========= * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * Specifies whether the details of the factorization are stored * as an upper or lower triangular matrix. * = 'U': Upper triangular, form is A = U*D*U**T; * = 'L': Lower triangular, form is A = L*D*L**T. * * N (input) INTEGER * The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. * * A (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDA,N) * The block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used to * obtain the factor U or L as computed by CSYTRF. * * LDA (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N). * * IPIV (input) INTEGER array, dimension (N) * Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D * as determined by CSYTRF. * * ANORM (input) REAL * The 1-norm of the original matrix A. * * RCOND (output) REAL * The reciprocal of the condition number of the matrix A, * computed as RCOND = 1/(ANORM * AINVNM), where AINVNM is an * estimate of the 1-norm of inv(A) computed in this routine. * * WORK (workspace) COMPLEX array, dimension (2*N) * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit * < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value * * ===================================================================== *go to the page top

USAGE: info = NumRu::Lapack.csyconv( uplo, way, a, ipiv, [:usage => usage, :help => help]) FORTRAN MANUAL SUBROUTINE CSYCONV( UPLO, WAY, N, A, LDA, IPIV, WORK, INFO ) * Purpose * ======= * * CSYCONV convert A given by TRF into L and D and vice-versa. * Get Non-diag elements of D (returned in workspace) and * apply or reverse permutation done in TRF. * * Arguments * ========= * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * Specifies whether the details of the factorization are stored * as an upper or lower triangular matrix. * = 'U': Upper triangular, form is A = U*D*U**T; * = 'L': Lower triangular, form is A = L*D*L**T. * * WAY (input) CHARACTER*1 * = 'C': Convert * = 'R': Revert * * N (input) INTEGER * The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. * * A (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDA,N) * The block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used to * obtain the factor U or L as computed by CSYTRF. * * LDA (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N). * * IPIV (input) INTEGER array, dimension (N) * Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D * as determined by CSYTRF. * * WORK (workspace) COMPLEX array, dimension (N) * * LWORK (input) INTEGER * The length of WORK. LWORK >=1. * LWORK = N * * If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine * only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns * this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error * message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA. * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit * < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value * * ===================================================================== *go to the page top

USAGE: s, scond, amax, info = NumRu::Lapack.csyequb( uplo, a, [:usage => usage, :help => help]) FORTRAN MANUAL SUBROUTINE CSYEQUB( UPLO, N, A, LDA, S, SCOND, AMAX, WORK, INFO ) * Purpose * ======= * * CSYEQUB computes row and column scalings intended to equilibrate a * symmetric matrix A and reduce its condition number * (with respect to the two-norm). S contains the scale factors, * S(i) = 1/sqrt(A(i,i)), chosen so that the scaled matrix B with * elements B(i,j) = S(i)*A(i,j)*S(j) has ones on the diagonal. This * choice of S puts the condition number of B within a factor N of the * smallest possible condition number over all possible diagonal * scalings. * * Arguments * ========= * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * Specifies whether the details of the factorization are stored * as an upper or lower triangular matrix. * = 'U': Upper triangular, form is A = U*D*U**T; * = 'L': Lower triangular, form is A = L*D*L**T. * * N (input) INTEGER * The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. * * A (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDA,N) * The N-by-N symmetric matrix whose scaling * factors are to be computed. Only the diagonal elements of A * are referenced. * * LDA (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N). * * S (output) REAL array, dimension (N) * If INFO = 0, S contains the scale factors for A. * * SCOND (output) REAL * If INFO = 0, S contains the ratio of the smallest S(i) to * the largest S(i). If SCOND >= 0.1 and AMAX is neither too * large nor too small, it is not worth scaling by S. * * AMAX (output) REAL * Absolute value of largest matrix element. If AMAX is very * close to overflow or very close to underflow, the matrix * should be scaled. * * WORK (workspace) COMPLEX array, dimension (3*N) * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit * < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value * > 0: if INFO = i, the i-th diagonal element is nonpositive. * * Further Details * ======= ======= * * Reference: Livne, O.E. and Golub, G.H., "Scaling by Binormalization", * Numerical Algorithms, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 97-120, January 2004. * DOI 10.1023/B:NUMA.0000016606.32820.69 * Tech report version: http://ruready.utah.edu/archive/papers/bin.pdf * * ===================================================================== *go to the page top

USAGE: y = NumRu::Lapack.csymv( uplo, alpha, a, x, incx, beta, y, incy, [:usage => usage, :help => help]) FORTRAN MANUAL SUBROUTINE CSYMV( UPLO, N, ALPHA, A, LDA, X, INCX, BETA, Y, INCY ) * Purpose * ======= * * CSYMV performs the matrix-vector operation * * y := alpha*A*x + beta*y, * * where alpha and beta are scalars, x and y are n element vectors and * A is an n by n symmetric matrix. * * Arguments * ========== * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * On entry, UPLO specifies whether the upper or lower * triangular part of the array A is to be referenced as * follows: * * UPLO = 'U' or 'u' Only the upper triangular part of A * is to be referenced. * * UPLO = 'L' or 'l' Only the lower triangular part of A * is to be referenced. * * Unchanged on exit. * * N (input) INTEGER * On entry, N specifies the order of the matrix A. * N must be at least zero. * Unchanged on exit. * * ALPHA (input) COMPLEX * On entry, ALPHA specifies the scalar alpha. * Unchanged on exit. * * A (input) COMPLEX array, dimension ( LDA, N ) * Before entry, with UPLO = 'U' or 'u', the leading n by n * upper triangular part of the array A must contain the upper * triangular part of the symmetric matrix and the strictly * lower triangular part of A is not referenced. * Before entry, with UPLO = 'L' or 'l', the leading n by n * lower triangular part of the array A must contain the lower * triangular part of the symmetric matrix and the strictly * upper triangular part of A is not referenced. * Unchanged on exit. * * LDA (input) INTEGER * On entry, LDA specifies the first dimension of A as declared * in the calling (sub) program. LDA must be at least * max( 1, N ). * Unchanged on exit. * * X (input) COMPLEX array, dimension at least * ( 1 + ( N - 1 )*abs( INCX ) ). * Before entry, the incremented array X must contain the N- * element vector x. * Unchanged on exit. * * INCX (input) INTEGER * On entry, INCX specifies the increment for the elements of * X. INCX must not be zero. * Unchanged on exit. * * BETA (input) COMPLEX * On entry, BETA specifies the scalar beta. When BETA is * supplied as zero then Y need not be set on input. * Unchanged on exit. * * Y (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension at least * ( 1 + ( N - 1 )*abs( INCY ) ). * Before entry, the incremented array Y must contain the n * element vector y. On exit, Y is overwritten by the updated * vector y. * * INCY (input) INTEGER * On entry, INCY specifies the increment for the elements of * Y. INCY must not be zero. * Unchanged on exit. * * ===================================================================== *go to the page top

USAGE: a = NumRu::Lapack.csyr( uplo, alpha, x, incx, a, [:usage => usage, :help => help]) FORTRAN MANUAL SUBROUTINE CSYR( UPLO, N, ALPHA, X, INCX, A, LDA ) * Purpose * ======= * * CSYR performs the symmetric rank 1 operation * * A := alpha*x*( x' ) + A, * * where alpha is a complex scalar, x is an n element vector and A is an * n by n symmetric matrix. * * Arguments * ========== * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * On entry, UPLO specifies whether the upper or lower * triangular part of the array A is to be referenced as * follows: * * UPLO = 'U' or 'u' Only the upper triangular part of A * is to be referenced. * * UPLO = 'L' or 'l' Only the lower triangular part of A * is to be referenced. * * Unchanged on exit. * * N (input) INTEGER * On entry, N specifies the order of the matrix A. * N must be at least zero. * Unchanged on exit. * * ALPHA (input) COMPLEX * On entry, ALPHA specifies the scalar alpha. * Unchanged on exit. * * X (input) COMPLEX array, dimension at least * ( 1 + ( N - 1 )*abs( INCX ) ). * Before entry, the incremented array X must contain the N- * element vector x. * Unchanged on exit. * * INCX (input) INTEGER * On entry, INCX specifies the increment for the elements of * X. INCX must not be zero. * Unchanged on exit. * * A (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension ( LDA, N ) * Before entry, with UPLO = 'U' or 'u', the leading n by n * upper triangular part of the array A must contain the upper * triangular part of the symmetric matrix and the strictly * lower triangular part of A is not referenced. On exit, the * upper triangular part of the array A is overwritten by the * upper triangular part of the updated matrix. * Before entry, with UPLO = 'L' or 'l', the leading n by n * lower triangular part of the array A must contain the lower * triangular part of the symmetric matrix and the strictly * upper triangular part of A is not referenced. On exit, the * lower triangular part of the array A is overwritten by the * lower triangular part of the updated matrix. * * LDA (input) INTEGER * On entry, LDA specifies the first dimension of A as declared * in the calling (sub) program. LDA must be at least * max( 1, N ). * Unchanged on exit. * * ===================================================================== *go to the page top

USAGE: ferr, berr, info, x = NumRu::Lapack.csyrfs( uplo, a, af, ipiv, b, x, [:usage => usage, :help => help]) FORTRAN MANUAL SUBROUTINE CSYRFS( UPLO, N, NRHS, A, LDA, AF, LDAF, IPIV, B, LDB, X, LDX, FERR, BERR, WORK, RWORK, INFO ) * Purpose * ======= * * CSYRFS improves the computed solution to a system of linear * equations when the coefficient matrix is symmetric indefinite, and * provides error bounds and backward error estimates for the solution. * * Arguments * ========= * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * = 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored; * = 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored. * * N (input) INTEGER * The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. * * NRHS (input) INTEGER * The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns * of the matrices B and X. NRHS >= 0. * * A (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDA,N) * The symmetric matrix A. If UPLO = 'U', the leading N-by-N * upper triangular part of A contains the upper triangular part * of the matrix A, and the strictly lower triangular part of A * is not referenced. If UPLO = 'L', the leading N-by-N lower * triangular part of A contains the lower triangular part of * the matrix A, and the strictly upper triangular part of A is * not referenced. * * LDA (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N). * * AF (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDAF,N) * The factored form of the matrix A. AF contains the block * diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used to obtain the * factor U or L from the factorization A = U*D*U**T or * A = L*D*L**T as computed by CSYTRF. * * LDAF (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array AF. LDAF >= max(1,N). * * IPIV (input) INTEGER array, dimension (N) * Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D * as determined by CSYTRF. * * B (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDB,NRHS) * The right hand side matrix B. * * LDB (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N). * * X (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDX,NRHS) * On entry, the solution matrix X, as computed by CSYTRS. * On exit, the improved solution matrix X. * * LDX (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array X. LDX >= max(1,N). * * FERR (output) REAL array, dimension (NRHS) * The estimated forward error bound for each solution vector * X(j) (the j-th column of the solution matrix X). * If XTRUE is the true solution corresponding to X(j), FERR(j) * is an estimated upper bound for the magnitude of the largest * element in (X(j) - XTRUE) divided by the magnitude of the * largest element in X(j). The estimate is as reliable as * the estimate for RCOND, and is almost always a slight * overestimate of the true error. * * BERR (output) REAL array, dimension (NRHS) * The componentwise relative backward error of each solution * vector X(j) (i.e., the smallest relative change in * any element of A or B that makes X(j) an exact solution). * * WORK (workspace) COMPLEX array, dimension (2*N) * * RWORK (workspace) REAL array, dimension (N) * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit * < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value * * Internal Parameters * =================== * * ITMAX is the maximum number of steps of iterative refinement. * * ===================================================================== *go to the page top

USAGE: rcond, berr, err_bnds_norm, err_bnds_comp, info, s, x, params = NumRu::Lapack.csyrfsx( uplo, equed, a, af, ipiv, s, b, x, params, [:usage => usage, :help => help]) FORTRAN MANUAL SUBROUTINE CSYRFSX( UPLO, EQUED, N, NRHS, A, LDA, AF, LDAF, IPIV, S, B, LDB, X, LDX, RCOND, BERR, N_ERR_BNDS, ERR_BNDS_NORM, ERR_BNDS_COMP, NPARAMS, PARAMS, WORK, RWORK, INFO ) * Purpose * ======= * * CSYRFSX improves the computed solution to a system of linear * equations when the coefficient matrix is symmetric indefinite, and * provides error bounds and backward error estimates for the * solution. In addition to normwise error bound, the code provides * maximum componentwise error bound if possible. See comments for * ERR_BNDS_NORM and ERR_BNDS_COMP for details of the error bounds. * * The original system of linear equations may have been equilibrated * before calling this routine, as described by arguments EQUED and S * below. In this case, the solution and error bounds returned are * for the original unequilibrated system. * * Arguments * ========= * * Some optional parameters are bundled in the PARAMS array. These * settings determine how refinement is performed, but often the * defaults are acceptable. If the defaults are acceptable, users * can pass NPARAMS = 0 which prevents the source code from accessing * the PARAMS argument. * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * = 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored; * = 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored. * * EQUED (input) CHARACTER*1 * Specifies the form of equilibration that was done to A * before calling this routine. This is needed to compute * the solution and error bounds correctly. * = 'N': No equilibration * = 'Y': Both row and column equilibration, i.e., A has been * replaced by diag(S) * A * diag(S). * The right hand side B has been changed accordingly. * * N (input) INTEGER * The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. * * NRHS (input) INTEGER * The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns * of the matrices B and X. NRHS >= 0. * * A (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDA,N) * The symmetric matrix A. If UPLO = 'U', the leading N-by-N * upper triangular part of A contains the upper triangular * part of the matrix A, and the strictly lower triangular * part of A is not referenced. If UPLO = 'L', the leading * N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains the lower * triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly upper * triangular part of A is not referenced. * * LDA (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N). * * AF (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDAF,N) * The factored form of the matrix A. AF contains the block * diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used to obtain the * factor U or L from the factorization A = U*D*U**T or A = * L*D*L**T as computed by SSYTRF. * * LDAF (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array AF. LDAF >= max(1,N). * * IPIV (input) INTEGER array, dimension (N) * Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D * as determined by SSYTRF. * * S (input or output) REAL array, dimension (N) * The scale factors for A. If EQUED = 'Y', A is multiplied on * the left and right by diag(S). S is an input argument if FACT = * 'F'; otherwise, S is an output argument. If FACT = 'F' and EQUED * = 'Y', each element of S must be positive. If S is output, each * element of S is a power of the radix. If S is input, each element * of S should be a power of the radix to ensure a reliable solution * and error estimates. Scaling by powers of the radix does not cause * rounding errors unless the result underflows or overflows. * Rounding errors during scaling lead to refining with a matrix that * is not equivalent to the input matrix, producing error estimates * that may not be reliable. * * B (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDB,NRHS) * The right hand side matrix B. * * LDB (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N). * * X (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDX,NRHS) * On entry, the solution matrix X, as computed by SGETRS. * On exit, the improved solution matrix X. * * LDX (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array X. LDX >= max(1,N). * * RCOND (output) REAL * Reciprocal scaled condition number. This is an estimate of the * reciprocal Skeel condition number of the matrix A after * equilibration (if done). If this is less than the machine * precision (in particular, if it is zero), the matrix is singular * to working precision. Note that the error may still be small even * if this number is very small and the matrix appears ill- * conditioned. * * BERR (output) REAL array, dimension (NRHS) * Componentwise relative backward error. This is the * componentwise relative backward error of each solution vector X(j) * (i.e., the smallest relative change in any element of A or B that * makes X(j) an exact solution). * * N_ERR_BNDS (input) INTEGER * Number of error bounds to return for each right hand side * and each type (normwise or componentwise). See ERR_BNDS_NORM and * ERR_BNDS_COMP below. * * ERR_BNDS_NORM (output) REAL array, dimension (NRHS, N_ERR_BNDS) * For each right-hand side, this array contains information about * various error bounds and condition numbers corresponding to the * normwise relative error, which is defined as follows: * * Normwise relative error in the ith solution vector: * max_j (abs(XTRUE(j,i) - X(j,i))) * ------------------------------ * max_j abs(X(j,i)) * * The array is indexed by the type of error information as described * below. There currently are up to three pieces of information * returned. * * The first index in ERR_BNDS_NORM(i,:) corresponds to the ith * right-hand side. * * The second index in ERR_BNDS_NORM(:,err) contains the following * three fields: * err = 1 "Trust/don't trust" boolean. Trust the answer if the * reciprocal condition number is less than the threshold * sqrt(n) * slamch('Epsilon'). * * err = 2 "Guaranteed" error bound: The estimated forward error, * almost certainly within a factor of 10 of the true error * so long as the next entry is greater than the threshold * sqrt(n) * slamch('Epsilon'). This error bound should only * be trusted if the previous boolean is true. * * err = 3 Reciprocal condition number: Estimated normwise * reciprocal condition number. Compared with the threshold * sqrt(n) * slamch('Epsilon') to determine if the error * estimate is "guaranteed". These reciprocal condition * numbers are 1 / (norm(Z^{-1},inf) * norm(Z,inf)) for some * appropriately scaled matrix Z. * Let Z = S*A, where S scales each row by a power of the * radix so all absolute row sums of Z are approximately 1. * * See Lapack Working Note 165 for further details and extra * cautions. * * ERR_BNDS_COMP (output) REAL array, dimension (NRHS, N_ERR_BNDS) * For each right-hand side, this array contains information about * various error bounds and condition numbers corresponding to the * componentwise relative error, which is defined as follows: * * Componentwise relative error in the ith solution vector: * abs(XTRUE(j,i) - X(j,i)) * max_j ---------------------- * abs(X(j,i)) * * The array is indexed by the right-hand side i (on which the * componentwise relative error depends), and the type of error * information as described below. There currently are up to three * pieces of information returned for each right-hand side. If * componentwise accuracy is not requested (PARAMS(3) = 0.0), then * ERR_BNDS_COMP is not accessed. If N_ERR_BNDS .LT. 3, then at most * the first (:,N_ERR_BNDS) entries are returned. * * The first index in ERR_BNDS_COMP(i,:) corresponds to the ith * right-hand side. * * The second index in ERR_BNDS_COMP(:,err) contains the following * three fields: * err = 1 "Trust/don't trust" boolean. Trust the answer if the * reciprocal condition number is less than the threshold * sqrt(n) * slamch('Epsilon'). * * err = 2 "Guaranteed" error bound: The estimated forward error, * almost certainly within a factor of 10 of the true error * so long as the next entry is greater than the threshold * sqrt(n) * slamch('Epsilon'). This error bound should only * be trusted if the previous boolean is true. * * err = 3 Reciprocal condition number: Estimated componentwise * reciprocal condition number. Compared with the threshold * sqrt(n) * slamch('Epsilon') to determine if the error * estimate is "guaranteed". These reciprocal condition * numbers are 1 / (norm(Z^{-1},inf) * norm(Z,inf)) for some * appropriately scaled matrix Z. * Let Z = S*(A*diag(x)), where x is the solution for the * current right-hand side and S scales each row of * A*diag(x) by a power of the radix so all absolute row * sums of Z are approximately 1. * * See Lapack Working Note 165 for further details and extra * cautions. * * NPARAMS (input) INTEGER * Specifies the number of parameters set in PARAMS. If .LE. 0, the * PARAMS array is never referenced and default values are used. * * PARAMS (input / output) REAL array, dimension NPARAMS * Specifies algorithm parameters. If an entry is .LT. 0.0, then * that entry will be filled with default value used for that * parameter. Only positions up to NPARAMS are accessed; defaults * are used for higher-numbered parameters. * * PARAMS(LA_LINRX_ITREF_I = 1) : Whether to perform iterative * refinement or not. * Default: 1.0 * = 0.0 : No refinement is performed, and no error bounds are * computed. * = 1.0 : Use the double-precision refinement algorithm, * possibly with doubled-single computations if the * compilation environment does not support DOUBLE * PRECISION. * (other values are reserved for future use) * * PARAMS(LA_LINRX_ITHRESH_I = 2) : Maximum number of residual * computations allowed for refinement. * Default: 10 * Aggressive: Set to 100 to permit convergence using approximate * factorizations or factorizations other than LU. If * the factorization uses a technique other than * Gaussian elimination, the guarantees in * err_bnds_norm and err_bnds_comp may no longer be * trustworthy. * * PARAMS(LA_LINRX_CWISE_I = 3) : Flag determining if the code * will attempt to find a solution with small componentwise * relative error in the double-precision algorithm. Positive * is true, 0.0 is false. * Default: 1.0 (attempt componentwise convergence) * * WORK (workspace) COMPLEX array, dimension (2*N) * * RWORK (workspace) REAL array, dimension (2*N) * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: Successful exit. The solution to every right-hand side is * guaranteed. * < 0: If INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value * > 0 and <= N: U(INFO,INFO) is exactly zero. The factorization * has been completed, but the factor U is exactly singular, so * the solution and error bounds could not be computed. RCOND = 0 * is returned. * = N+J: The solution corresponding to the Jth right-hand side is * not guaranteed. The solutions corresponding to other right- * hand sides K with K > J may not be guaranteed as well, but * only the first such right-hand side is reported. If a small * componentwise error is not requested (PARAMS(3) = 0.0) then * the Jth right-hand side is the first with a normwise error * bound that is not guaranteed (the smallest J such * that ERR_BNDS_NORM(J,1) = 0.0). By default (PARAMS(3) = 1.0) * the Jth right-hand side is the first with either a normwise or * componentwise error bound that is not guaranteed (the smallest * J such that either ERR_BNDS_NORM(J,1) = 0.0 or * ERR_BNDS_COMP(J,1) = 0.0). See the definition of * ERR_BNDS_NORM(:,1) and ERR_BNDS_COMP(:,1). To get information * about all of the right-hand sides check ERR_BNDS_NORM or * ERR_BNDS_COMP. * * ================================================================== *go to the page top

USAGE: ipiv, work, info, a, b = NumRu::Lapack.csysv( uplo, a, b, [:lwork => lwork, :usage => usage, :help => help]) FORTRAN MANUAL SUBROUTINE CSYSV( UPLO, N, NRHS, A, LDA, IPIV, B, LDB, WORK, LWORK, INFO ) * Purpose * ======= * * CSYSV computes the solution to a complex system of linear equations * A * X = B, * where A is an N-by-N symmetric matrix and X and B are N-by-NRHS * matrices. * * The diagonal pivoting method is used to factor A as * A = U * D * U**T, if UPLO = 'U', or * A = L * D * L**T, if UPLO = 'L', * where U (or L) is a product of permutation and unit upper (lower) * triangular matrices, and D is symmetric and block diagonal with * 1-by-1 and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks. The factored form of A is then * used to solve the system of equations A * X = B. * * Arguments * ========= * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * = 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored; * = 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored. * * N (input) INTEGER * The number of linear equations, i.e., the order of the * matrix A. N >= 0. * * NRHS (input) INTEGER * The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns * of the matrix B. NRHS >= 0. * * A (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDA,N) * On entry, the symmetric matrix A. If UPLO = 'U', the leading * N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the upper * triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly lower * triangular part of A is not referenced. If UPLO = 'L', the * leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains the lower * triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly upper * triangular part of A is not referenced. * * On exit, if INFO = 0, the block diagonal matrix D and the * multipliers used to obtain the factor U or L from the * factorization A = U*D*U**T or A = L*D*L**T as computed by * CSYTRF. * * LDA (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N). * * IPIV (output) INTEGER array, dimension (N) * Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D, as * determined by CSYTRF. If IPIV(k) > 0, then rows and columns * k and IPIV(k) were interchanged, and D(k,k) is a 1-by-1 * diagonal block. If UPLO = 'U' and IPIV(k) = IPIV(k-1) < 0, * then rows and columns k-1 and -IPIV(k) were interchanged and * D(k-1:k,k-1:k) is a 2-by-2 diagonal block. If UPLO = 'L' and * IPIV(k) = IPIV(k+1) < 0, then rows and columns k+1 and * -IPIV(k) were interchanged and D(k:k+1,k:k+1) is a 2-by-2 * diagonal block. * * B (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDB,NRHS) * On entry, the N-by-NRHS right hand side matrix B. * On exit, if INFO = 0, the N-by-NRHS solution matrix X. * * LDB (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N). * * WORK (workspace/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK)) * On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK. * * LWORK (input) INTEGER * The length of WORK. LWORK >= 1, and for best performance * LWORK >= max(1,N*NB), where NB is the optimal blocksize for * CSYTRF. * * If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine * only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns * this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error * message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA. * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit * < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value * > 0: if INFO = i, D(i,i) is exactly zero. The factorization * has been completed, but the block diagonal matrix D is * exactly singular, so the solution could not be computed. * * ===================================================================== * * .. Local Scalars .. LOGICAL LQUERY INTEGER LWKOPT, NB * .. * .. External Functions .. LOGICAL LSAME INTEGER ILAENV EXTERNAL ILAENV, LSAME * .. * .. External Subroutines .. EXTERNAL CSYTRF, CSYTRS2, XERBLA * .. * .. Intrinsic Functions .. INTRINSIC MAX * ..go to the page top

USAGE: x, rcond, ferr, berr, work, info, af, ipiv = NumRu::Lapack.csysvx( fact, uplo, a, af, ipiv, b, [:lwork => lwork, :usage => usage, :help => help]) FORTRAN MANUAL SUBROUTINE CSYSVX( FACT, UPLO, N, NRHS, A, LDA, AF, LDAF, IPIV, B, LDB, X, LDX, RCOND, FERR, BERR, WORK, LWORK, RWORK, INFO ) * Purpose * ======= * * CSYSVX uses the diagonal pivoting factorization to compute the * solution to a complex system of linear equations A * X = B, * where A is an N-by-N symmetric matrix and X and B are N-by-NRHS * matrices. * * Error bounds on the solution and a condition estimate are also * provided. * * Description * =========== * * The following steps are performed: * * 1. If FACT = 'N', the diagonal pivoting method is used to factor A. * The form of the factorization is * A = U * D * U**T, if UPLO = 'U', or * A = L * D * L**T, if UPLO = 'L', * where U (or L) is a product of permutation and unit upper (lower) * triangular matrices, and D is symmetric and block diagonal with * 1-by-1 and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks. * * 2. If some D(i,i)=0, so that D is exactly singular, then the routine * returns with INFO = i. Otherwise, the factored form of A is used * to estimate the condition number of the matrix A. If the * reciprocal of the condition number is less than machine precision, * INFO = N+1 is returned as a warning, but the routine still goes on * to solve for X and compute error bounds as described below. * * 3. The system of equations is solved for X using the factored form * of A. * * 4. Iterative refinement is applied to improve the computed solution * matrix and calculate error bounds and backward error estimates * for it. * * Arguments * ========= * * FACT (input) CHARACTER*1 * Specifies whether or not the factored form of A has been * supplied on entry. * = 'F': On entry, AF and IPIV contain the factored form * of A. A, AF and IPIV will not be modified. * = 'N': The matrix A will be copied to AF and factored. * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * = 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored; * = 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored. * * N (input) INTEGER * The number of linear equations, i.e., the order of the * matrix A. N >= 0. * * NRHS (input) INTEGER * The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns * of the matrices B and X. NRHS >= 0. * * A (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDA,N) * The symmetric matrix A. If UPLO = 'U', the leading N-by-N * upper triangular part of A contains the upper triangular part * of the matrix A, and the strictly lower triangular part of A * is not referenced. If UPLO = 'L', the leading N-by-N lower * triangular part of A contains the lower triangular part of * the matrix A, and the strictly upper triangular part of A is * not referenced. * * LDA (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N). * * AF (input or output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDAF,N) * If FACT = 'F', then AF is an input argument and on entry * contains the block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used * to obtain the factor U or L from the factorization * A = U*D*U**T or A = L*D*L**T as computed by CSYTRF. * * If FACT = 'N', then AF is an output argument and on exit * returns the block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used * to obtain the factor U or L from the factorization * A = U*D*U**T or A = L*D*L**T. * * LDAF (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array AF. LDAF >= max(1,N). * * IPIV (input or output) INTEGER array, dimension (N) * If FACT = 'F', then IPIV is an input argument and on entry * contains details of the interchanges and the block structure * of D, as determined by CSYTRF. * If IPIV(k) > 0, then rows and columns k and IPIV(k) were * interchanged and D(k,k) is a 1-by-1 diagonal block. * If UPLO = 'U' and IPIV(k) = IPIV(k-1) < 0, then rows and * columns k-1 and -IPIV(k) were interchanged and D(k-1:k,k-1:k) * is a 2-by-2 diagonal block. If UPLO = 'L' and IPIV(k) = * IPIV(k+1) < 0, then rows and columns k+1 and -IPIV(k) were * interchanged and D(k:k+1,k:k+1) is a 2-by-2 diagonal block. * * If FACT = 'N', then IPIV is an output argument and on exit * contains details of the interchanges and the block structure * of D, as determined by CSYTRF. * * B (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDB,NRHS) * The N-by-NRHS right hand side matrix B. * * LDB (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N). * * X (output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDX,NRHS) * If INFO = 0 or INFO = N+1, the N-by-NRHS solution matrix X. * * LDX (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array X. LDX >= max(1,N). * * RCOND (output) REAL * The estimate of the reciprocal condition number of the matrix * A. If RCOND is less than the machine precision (in * particular, if RCOND = 0), the matrix is singular to working * precision. This condition is indicated by a return code of * INFO > 0. * * FERR (output) REAL array, dimension (NRHS) * The estimated forward error bound for each solution vector * X(j) (the j-th column of the solution matrix X). * If XTRUE is the true solution corresponding to X(j), FERR(j) * is an estimated upper bound for the magnitude of the largest * element in (X(j) - XTRUE) divided by the magnitude of the * largest element in X(j). The estimate is as reliable as * the estimate for RCOND, and is almost always a slight * overestimate of the true error. * * BERR (output) REAL array, dimension (NRHS) * The componentwise relative backward error of each solution * vector X(j) (i.e., the smallest relative change in * any element of A or B that makes X(j) an exact solution). * * WORK (workspace/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK)) * On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK. * * LWORK (input) INTEGER * The length of WORK. LWORK >= max(1,2*N), and for best * performance, when FACT = 'N', LWORK >= max(1,2*N,N*NB), where * NB is the optimal blocksize for CSYTRF. * * If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine * only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns * this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error * message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA. * * RWORK (workspace) REAL array, dimension (N) * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit * < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value * > 0: if INFO = i, and i is * <= N: D(i,i) is exactly zero. The factorization * has been completed but the factor D is exactly * singular, so the solution and error bounds could * not be computed. RCOND = 0 is returned. * = N+1: D is nonsingular, but RCOND is less than machine * precision, meaning that the matrix is singular * to working precision. Nevertheless, the * solution and error bounds are computed because * there are a number of situations where the * computed solution can be more accurate than the * value of RCOND would suggest. * * ===================================================================== *go to the page top

USAGE: x, rcond, rpvgrw, berr, err_bnds_norm, err_bnds_comp, info, a, af, ipiv, equed, s, b, params = NumRu::Lapack.csysvxx( fact, uplo, a, af, ipiv, equed, s, b, params, [:usage => usage, :help => help]) FORTRAN MANUAL SUBROUTINE CSYSVXX( FACT, UPLO, N, NRHS, A, LDA, AF, LDAF, IPIV, EQUED, S, B, LDB, X, LDX, RCOND, RPVGRW, BERR, N_ERR_BNDS, ERR_BNDS_NORM, ERR_BNDS_COMP, NPARAMS, PARAMS, WORK, RWORK, INFO ) * Purpose * ======= * * CSYSVXX uses the diagonal pivoting factorization to compute the * solution to a complex system of linear equations A * X = B, where * A is an N-by-N symmetric matrix and X and B are N-by-NRHS * matrices. * * If requested, both normwise and maximum componentwise error bounds * are returned. CSYSVXX will return a solution with a tiny * guaranteed error (O(eps) where eps is the working machine * precision) unless the matrix is very ill-conditioned, in which * case a warning is returned. Relevant condition numbers also are * calculated and returned. * * CSYSVXX accepts user-provided factorizations and equilibration * factors; see the definitions of the FACT and EQUED options. * Solving with refinement and using a factorization from a previous * CSYSVXX call will also produce a solution with either O(eps) * errors or warnings, but we cannot make that claim for general * user-provided factorizations and equilibration factors if they * differ from what CSYSVXX would itself produce. * * Description * =========== * * The following steps are performed: * * 1. If FACT = 'E', real scaling factors are computed to equilibrate * the system: * * diag(S)*A*diag(S) *inv(diag(S))*X = diag(S)*B * * Whether or not the system will be equilibrated depends on the * scaling of the matrix A, but if equilibration is used, A is * overwritten by diag(S)*A*diag(S) and B by diag(S)*B. * * 2. If FACT = 'N' or 'E', the LU decomposition is used to factor * the matrix A (after equilibration if FACT = 'E') as * * A = U * D * U**T, if UPLO = 'U', or * A = L * D * L**T, if UPLO = 'L', * * where U (or L) is a product of permutation and unit upper (lower) * triangular matrices, and D is symmetric and block diagonal with * 1-by-1 and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks. * * 3. If some D(i,i)=0, so that D is exactly singular, then the * routine returns with INFO = i. Otherwise, the factored form of A * is used to estimate the condition number of the matrix A (see * argument RCOND). If the reciprocal of the condition number is * less than machine precision, the routine still goes on to solve * for X and compute error bounds as described below. * * 4. The system of equations is solved for X using the factored form * of A. * * 5. By default (unless PARAMS(LA_LINRX_ITREF_I) is set to zero), * the routine will use iterative refinement to try to get a small * error and error bounds. Refinement calculates the residual to at * least twice the working precision. * * 6. If equilibration was used, the matrix X is premultiplied by * diag(R) so that it solves the original system before * equilibration. * * Arguments * ========= * * Some optional parameters are bundled in the PARAMS array. These * settings determine how refinement is performed, but often the * defaults are acceptable. If the defaults are acceptable, users * can pass NPARAMS = 0 which prevents the source code from accessing * the PARAMS argument. * * FACT (input) CHARACTER*1 * Specifies whether or not the factored form of the matrix A is * supplied on entry, and if not, whether the matrix A should be * equilibrated before it is factored. * = 'F': On entry, AF and IPIV contain the factored form of A. * If EQUED is not 'N', the matrix A has been * equilibrated with scaling factors given by S. * A, AF, and IPIV are not modified. * = 'N': The matrix A will be copied to AF and factored. * = 'E': The matrix A will be equilibrated if necessary, then * copied to AF and factored. * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * = 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored; * = 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored. * * N (input) INTEGER * The number of linear equations, i.e., the order of the * matrix A. N >= 0. * * NRHS (input) INTEGER * The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns * of the matrices B and X. NRHS >= 0. * * A (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDA,N) * The symmetric matrix A. If UPLO = 'U', the leading N-by-N * upper triangular part of A contains the upper triangular * part of the matrix A, and the strictly lower triangular * part of A is not referenced. If UPLO = 'L', the leading * N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains the lower * triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly upper * triangular part of A is not referenced. * * On exit, if FACT = 'E' and EQUED = 'Y', A is overwritten by * diag(S)*A*diag(S). * * LDA (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N). * * AF (input or output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDAF,N) * If FACT = 'F', then AF is an input argument and on entry * contains the block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers * used to obtain the factor U or L from the factorization A = * U*D*U**T or A = L*D*L**T as computed by SSYTRF. * * If FACT = 'N', then AF is an output argument and on exit * returns the block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers * used to obtain the factor U or L from the factorization A = * U*D*U**T or A = L*D*L**T. * * LDAF (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array AF. LDAF >= max(1,N). * * IPIV (input or output) INTEGER array, dimension (N) * If FACT = 'F', then IPIV is an input argument and on entry * contains details of the interchanges and the block * structure of D, as determined by SSYTRF. If IPIV(k) > 0, * then rows and columns k and IPIV(k) were interchanged and * D(k,k) is a 1-by-1 diagonal block. If UPLO = 'U' and * IPIV(k) = IPIV(k-1) < 0, then rows and columns k-1 and * -IPIV(k) were interchanged and D(k-1:k,k-1:k) is a 2-by-2 * diagonal block. If UPLO = 'L' and IPIV(k) = IPIV(k+1) < 0, * then rows and columns k+1 and -IPIV(k) were interchanged * and D(k:k+1,k:k+1) is a 2-by-2 diagonal block. * * If FACT = 'N', then IPIV is an output argument and on exit * contains details of the interchanges and the block * structure of D, as determined by SSYTRF. * * EQUED (input or output) CHARACTER*1 * Specifies the form of equilibration that was done. * = 'N': No equilibration (always true if FACT = 'N'). * = 'Y': Both row and column equilibration, i.e., A has been * replaced by diag(S) * A * diag(S). * EQUED is an input argument if FACT = 'F'; otherwise, it is an * output argument. * * S (input or output) REAL array, dimension (N) * The scale factors for A. If EQUED = 'Y', A is multiplied on * the left and right by diag(S). S is an input argument if FACT = * 'F'; otherwise, S is an output argument. If FACT = 'F' and EQUED * = 'Y', each element of S must be positive. If S is output, each * element of S is a power of the radix. If S is input, each element * of S should be a power of the radix to ensure a reliable solution * and error estimates. Scaling by powers of the radix does not cause * rounding errors unless the result underflows or overflows. * Rounding errors during scaling lead to refining with a matrix that * is not equivalent to the input matrix, producing error estimates * that may not be reliable. * * B (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDB,NRHS) * On entry, the N-by-NRHS right hand side matrix B. * On exit, * if EQUED = 'N', B is not modified; * if EQUED = 'Y', B is overwritten by diag(S)*B; * * LDB (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N). * * X (output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDX,NRHS) * If INFO = 0, the N-by-NRHS solution matrix X to the original * system of equations. Note that A and B are modified on exit if * EQUED .ne. 'N', and the solution to the equilibrated system is * inv(diag(S))*X. * * LDX (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array X. LDX >= max(1,N). * * RCOND (output) REAL * Reciprocal scaled condition number. This is an estimate of the * reciprocal Skeel condition number of the matrix A after * equilibration (if done). If this is less than the machine * precision (in particular, if it is zero), the matrix is singular * to working precision. Note that the error may still be small even * if this number is very small and the matrix appears ill- * conditioned. * * RPVGRW (output) REAL * Reciprocal pivot growth. On exit, this contains the reciprocal * pivot growth factor norm(A)/norm(U). The "max absolute element" * norm is used. If this is much less than 1, then the stability of * the LU factorization of the (equilibrated) matrix A could be poor. * This also means that the solution X, estimated condition numbers, * and error bounds could be unreliable. If factorization fails with * 0go to the page top0 and <= N: U(INFO,INFO) is exactly zero. The factorization * has been completed, but the factor U is exactly singular, so * the solution and error bounds could not be computed. RCOND = 0 * is returned. * = N+J: The solution corresponding to the Jth right-hand side is * not guaranteed. The solutions corresponding to other right- * hand sides K with K > J may not be guaranteed as well, but * only the first such right-hand side is reported. If a small * componentwise error is not requested (PARAMS(3) = 0.0) then * the Jth right-hand side is the first with a normwise error * bound that is not guaranteed (the smallest J such * that ERR_BNDS_NORM(J,1) = 0.0). By default (PARAMS(3) = 1.0) * the Jth right-hand side is the first with either a normwise or * componentwise error bound that is not guaranteed (the smallest * J such that either ERR_BNDS_NORM(J,1) = 0.0 or * ERR_BNDS_COMP(J,1) = 0.0). See the definition of * ERR_BNDS_NORM(:,1) and ERR_BNDS_COMP(:,1). To get information * about all of the right-hand sides check ERR_BNDS_NORM or * ERR_BNDS_COMP. * * ================================================================== *

USAGE: a = NumRu::Lapack.csyswapr( uplo, a, i1, i2, [:usage => usage, :help => help]) FORTRAN MANUAL SUBROUTINE CSYSWAPR( UPLO, N, A, I1, I2) * Purpose * ======= * * CSYSWAPR applies an elementary permutation on the rows and the columns of * a symmetric matrix. * * Arguments * ========= * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * Specifies whether the details of the factorization are stored * as an upper or lower triangular matrix. * = 'U': Upper triangular, form is A = U*D*U**T; * = 'L': Lower triangular, form is A = L*D*L**T. * * N (input) INTEGER * The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. * * A (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDA,N) * On entry, the NB diagonal matrix D and the multipliers * used to obtain the factor U or L as computed by CSYTRF. * * On exit, if INFO = 0, the (symmetric) inverse of the original * matrix. If UPLO = 'U', the upper triangular part of the * inverse is formed and the part of A below the diagonal is not * referenced; if UPLO = 'L' the lower triangular part of the * inverse is formed and the part of A above the diagonal is * not referenced. * * I1 (input) INTEGER * Index of the first row to swap * * I2 (input) INTEGER * Index of the second row to swap * * ===================================================================== * * .. * .. Local Scalars .. LOGICAL UPPER INTEGER I COMPLEX TMP * * .. External Functions .. LOGICAL LSAME EXTERNAL LSAME * .. * .. External Subroutines .. EXTERNAL CSWAP * ..go to the page top

USAGE: ipiv, info, a = NumRu::Lapack.csytf2( uplo, a, [:usage => usage, :help => help]) FORTRAN MANUAL SUBROUTINE CSYTF2( UPLO, N, A, LDA, IPIV, INFO ) * Purpose * ======= * * CSYTF2 computes the factorization of a complex symmetric matrix A * using the Bunch-Kaufman diagonal pivoting method: * * A = U*D*U' or A = L*D*L' * * where U (or L) is a product of permutation and unit upper (lower) * triangular matrices, U' is the transpose of U, and D is symmetric and * block diagonal with 1-by-1 and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks. * * This is the unblocked version of the algorithm, calling Level 2 BLAS. * * Arguments * ========= * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * Specifies whether the upper or lower triangular part of the * symmetric matrix A is stored: * = 'U': Upper triangular * = 'L': Lower triangular * * N (input) INTEGER * The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. * * A (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDA,N) * On entry, the symmetric matrix A. If UPLO = 'U', the leading * n-by-n upper triangular part of A contains the upper * triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly lower * triangular part of A is not referenced. If UPLO = 'L', the * leading n-by-n lower triangular part of A contains the lower * triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly upper * triangular part of A is not referenced. * * On exit, the block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used * to obtain the factor U or L (see below for further details). * * LDA (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N). * * IPIV (output) INTEGER array, dimension (N) * Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D. * If IPIV(k) > 0, then rows and columns k and IPIV(k) were * interchanged and D(k,k) is a 1-by-1 diagonal block. * If UPLO = 'U' and IPIV(k) = IPIV(k-1) < 0, then rows and * columns k-1 and -IPIV(k) were interchanged and D(k-1:k,k-1:k) * is a 2-by-2 diagonal block. If UPLO = 'L' and IPIV(k) = * IPIV(k+1) < 0, then rows and columns k+1 and -IPIV(k) were * interchanged and D(k:k+1,k:k+1) is a 2-by-2 diagonal block. * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit * < 0: if INFO = -k, the k-th argument had an illegal value * > 0: if INFO = k, D(k,k) is exactly zero. The factorization * has been completed, but the block diagonal matrix D is * exactly singular, and division by zero will occur if it * is used to solve a system of equations. * * Further Details * =============== * * 09-29-06 - patch from * Bobby Cheng, MathWorks * * Replace l.209 and l.377 * IF( MAX( ABSAKK, COLMAX ).EQ.ZERO ) THEN * by * IF( (MAX( ABSAKK, COLMAX ).EQ.ZERO) .OR. SISNAN(ABSAKK) ) THEN * * 1-96 - Based on modifications by J. Lewis, Boeing Computer Services * Company * * If UPLO = 'U', then A = U*D*U', where * U = P(n)*U(n)* ... *P(k)U(k)* ..., * i.e., U is a product of terms P(k)*U(k), where k decreases from n to * 1 in steps of 1 or 2, and D is a block diagonal matrix with 1-by-1 * and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks D(k). P(k) is a permutation matrix as * defined by IPIV(k), and U(k) is a unit upper triangular matrix, such * that if the diagonal block D(k) is of order s (s = 1 or 2), then * * ( I v 0 ) k-s * U(k) = ( 0 I 0 ) s * ( 0 0 I ) n-k * k-s s n-k * * If s = 1, D(k) overwrites A(k,k), and v overwrites A(1:k-1,k). * If s = 2, the upper triangle of D(k) overwrites A(k-1,k-1), A(k-1,k), * and A(k,k), and v overwrites A(1:k-2,k-1:k). * * If UPLO = 'L', then A = L*D*L', where * L = P(1)*L(1)* ... *P(k)*L(k)* ..., * i.e., L is a product of terms P(k)*L(k), where k increases from 1 to * n in steps of 1 or 2, and D is a block diagonal matrix with 1-by-1 * and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks D(k). P(k) is a permutation matrix as * defined by IPIV(k), and L(k) is a unit lower triangular matrix, such * that if the diagonal block D(k) is of order s (s = 1 or 2), then * * ( I 0 0 ) k-1 * L(k) = ( 0 I 0 ) s * ( 0 v I ) n-k-s+1 * k-1 s n-k-s+1 * * If s = 1, D(k) overwrites A(k,k), and v overwrites A(k+1:n,k). * If s = 2, the lower triangle of D(k) overwrites A(k,k), A(k+1,k), * and A(k+1,k+1), and v overwrites A(k+2:n,k:k+1). * * ===================================================================== *go to the page top

USAGE: ipiv, work, info, a = NumRu::Lapack.csytrf( uplo, a, lwork, [:usage => usage, :help => help]) FORTRAN MANUAL SUBROUTINE CSYTRF( UPLO, N, A, LDA, IPIV, WORK, LWORK, INFO ) * Purpose * ======= * * CSYTRF computes the factorization of a complex symmetric matrix A * using the Bunch-Kaufman diagonal pivoting method. The form of the * factorization is * * A = U*D*U**T or A = L*D*L**T * * where U (or L) is a product of permutation and unit upper (lower) * triangular matrices, and D is symmetric and block diagonal with * with 1-by-1 and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks. * * This is the blocked version of the algorithm, calling Level 3 BLAS. * * Arguments * ========= * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * = 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored; * = 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored. * * N (input) INTEGER * The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. * * A (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDA,N) * On entry, the symmetric matrix A. If UPLO = 'U', the leading * N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the upper * triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly lower * triangular part of A is not referenced. If UPLO = 'L', the * leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains the lower * triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly upper * triangular part of A is not referenced. * * On exit, the block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used * to obtain the factor U or L (see below for further details). * * LDA (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N). * * IPIV (output) INTEGER array, dimension (N) * Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D. * If IPIV(k) > 0, then rows and columns k and IPIV(k) were * interchanged and D(k,k) is a 1-by-1 diagonal block. * If UPLO = 'U' and IPIV(k) = IPIV(k-1) < 0, then rows and * columns k-1 and -IPIV(k) were interchanged and D(k-1:k,k-1:k) * is a 2-by-2 diagonal block. If UPLO = 'L' and IPIV(k) = * IPIV(k+1) < 0, then rows and columns k+1 and -IPIV(k) were * interchanged and D(k:k+1,k:k+1) is a 2-by-2 diagonal block. * * WORK (workspace/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK)) * On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK. * * LWORK (input) INTEGER * The length of WORK. LWORK >=1. For best performance * LWORK >= N*NB, where NB is the block size returned by ILAENV. * * If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine * only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns * this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error * message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA. * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit * < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value * > 0: if INFO = i, D(i,i) is exactly zero. The factorization * has been completed, but the block diagonal matrix D is * exactly singular, and division by zero will occur if it * is used to solve a system of equations. * * Further Details * =============== * * If UPLO = 'U', then A = U*D*U', where * U = P(n)*U(n)* ... *P(k)U(k)* ..., * i.e., U is a product of terms P(k)*U(k), where k decreases from n to * 1 in steps of 1 or 2, and D is a block diagonal matrix with 1-by-1 * and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks D(k). P(k) is a permutation matrix as * defined by IPIV(k), and U(k) is a unit upper triangular matrix, such * that if the diagonal block D(k) is of order s (s = 1 or 2), then * * ( I v 0 ) k-s * U(k) = ( 0 I 0 ) s * ( 0 0 I ) n-k * k-s s n-k * * If s = 1, D(k) overwrites A(k,k), and v overwrites A(1:k-1,k). * If s = 2, the upper triangle of D(k) overwrites A(k-1,k-1), A(k-1,k), * and A(k,k), and v overwrites A(1:k-2,k-1:k). * * If UPLO = 'L', then A = L*D*L', where * L = P(1)*L(1)* ... *P(k)*L(k)* ..., * i.e., L is a product of terms P(k)*L(k), where k increases from 1 to * n in steps of 1 or 2, and D is a block diagonal matrix with 1-by-1 * and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks D(k). P(k) is a permutation matrix as * defined by IPIV(k), and L(k) is a unit lower triangular matrix, such * that if the diagonal block D(k) is of order s (s = 1 or 2), then * * ( I 0 0 ) k-1 * L(k) = ( 0 I 0 ) s * ( 0 v I ) n-k-s+1 * k-1 s n-k-s+1 * * If s = 1, D(k) overwrites A(k,k), and v overwrites A(k+1:n,k). * If s = 2, the lower triangle of D(k) overwrites A(k,k), A(k+1,k), * and A(k+1,k+1), and v overwrites A(k+2:n,k:k+1). * * ===================================================================== * * .. Local Scalars .. LOGICAL LQUERY, UPPER INTEGER IINFO, IWS, J, K, KB, LDWORK, LWKOPT, NB, NBMIN * .. * .. External Functions .. LOGICAL LSAME INTEGER ILAENV EXTERNAL LSAME, ILAENV * .. * .. External Subroutines .. EXTERNAL CLASYF, CSYTF2, XERBLA * .. * .. Intrinsic Functions .. INTRINSIC MAX * ..go to the page top

USAGE: info, a = NumRu::Lapack.csytri( uplo, a, ipiv, [:usage => usage, :help => help]) FORTRAN MANUAL SUBROUTINE CSYTRI( UPLO, N, A, LDA, IPIV, WORK, INFO ) * Purpose * ======= * * CSYTRI computes the inverse of a complex symmetric indefinite matrix * A using the factorization A = U*D*U**T or A = L*D*L**T computed by * CSYTRF. * * Arguments * ========= * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * Specifies whether the details of the factorization are stored * as an upper or lower triangular matrix. * = 'U': Upper triangular, form is A = U*D*U**T; * = 'L': Lower triangular, form is A = L*D*L**T. * * N (input) INTEGER * The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. * * A (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDA,N) * On entry, the block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers * used to obtain the factor U or L as computed by CSYTRF. * * On exit, if INFO = 0, the (symmetric) inverse of the original * matrix. If UPLO = 'U', the upper triangular part of the * inverse is formed and the part of A below the diagonal is not * referenced; if UPLO = 'L' the lower triangular part of the * inverse is formed and the part of A above the diagonal is * not referenced. * * LDA (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N). * * IPIV (input) INTEGER array, dimension (N) * Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D * as determined by CSYTRF. * * WORK (workspace) COMPLEX array, dimension (2*N) * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit * < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value * > 0: if INFO = i, D(i,i) = 0; the matrix is singular and its * inverse could not be computed. * * ===================================================================== *go to the page top

USAGE: info, a = NumRu::Lapack.csytri2( uplo, a, ipiv, [:lwork => lwork, :usage => usage, :help => help]) FORTRAN MANUAL SUBROUTINE CSYTRI2( UPLO, N, A, LDA, IPIV, WORK, LWORK, INFO ) * Purpose * ======= * * CSYTRI2 computes the inverse of a complex symmetric indefinite matrix * A using the factorization A = U*D*U**T or A = L*D*L**T computed by * CSYTRF. CSYTRI2 sets the LEADING DIMENSION of the workspace * before calling CSYTRI2X that actually computes the inverse. * * Arguments * ========= * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * Specifies whether the details of the factorization are stored * as an upper or lower triangular matrix. * = 'U': Upper triangular, form is A = U*D*U**T; * = 'L': Lower triangular, form is A = L*D*L**T. * * N (input) INTEGER * The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. * * A (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDA,N) * On entry, the NB diagonal matrix D and the multipliers * used to obtain the factor U or L as computed by CSYTRF. * * On exit, if INFO = 0, the (symmetric) inverse of the original * matrix. If UPLO = 'U', the upper triangular part of the * inverse is formed and the part of A below the diagonal is not * referenced; if UPLO = 'L' the lower triangular part of the * inverse is formed and the part of A above the diagonal is * not referenced. * * LDA (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N). * * IPIV (input) INTEGER array, dimension (N) * Details of the interchanges and the NB structure of D * as determined by CSYTRF. * * WORK (workspace) COMPLEX array, dimension (N+NB+1)*(NB+3) * * LWORK (input) INTEGER * The dimension of the array WORK. * WORK is size >= (N+NB+1)*(NB+3) * If LDWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine * calculates: * - the optimal size of the WORK array, returns * this value as the first entry of the WORK array, * - and no error message related to LDWORK is issued by XERBLA. * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit * < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value * > 0: if INFO = i, D(i,i) = 0; the matrix is singular and its * inverse could not be computed. * * ===================================================================== * * .. Local Scalars .. LOGICAL UPPER, LQUERY INTEGER MINSIZE, NBMAX * .. * .. External Functions .. LOGICAL LSAME INTEGER ILAENV EXTERNAL LSAME, ILAENV * .. * .. External Subroutines .. EXTERNAL CSYTRI2X * ..go to the page top

USAGE: info, a = NumRu::Lapack.csytri2x( uplo, a, ipiv, nb, [:usage => usage, :help => help]) FORTRAN MANUAL SUBROUTINE CSYTRI2X( UPLO, N, A, LDA, IPIV, WORK, NB, INFO ) * Purpose * ======= * * CSYTRI2X computes the inverse of a real symmetric indefinite matrix * A using the factorization A = U*D*U**T or A = L*D*L**T computed by * CSYTRF. * * Arguments * ========= * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * Specifies whether the details of the factorization are stored * as an upper or lower triangular matrix. * = 'U': Upper triangular, form is A = U*D*U**T; * = 'L': Lower triangular, form is A = L*D*L**T. * * N (input) INTEGER * The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. * * A (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDA,N) * On entry, the NNB diagonal matrix D and the multipliers * used to obtain the factor U or L as computed by CSYTRF. * * On exit, if INFO = 0, the (symmetric) inverse of the original * matrix. If UPLO = 'U', the upper triangular part of the * inverse is formed and the part of A below the diagonal is not * referenced; if UPLO = 'L' the lower triangular part of the * inverse is formed and the part of A above the diagonal is * not referenced. * * LDA (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N). * * IPIV (input) INTEGER array, dimension (N) * Details of the interchanges and the NNB structure of D * as determined by CSYTRF. * * WORK (workspace) COMPLEX array, dimension (N+NNB+1,NNB+3) * * NB (input) INTEGER * Block size * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit * < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value * > 0: if INFO = i, D(i,i) = 0; the matrix is singular and its * inverse could not be computed. * * ===================================================================== *go to the page top

USAGE: info, b = NumRu::Lapack.csytrs( uplo, a, ipiv, b, [:usage => usage, :help => help]) FORTRAN MANUAL SUBROUTINE CSYTRS( UPLO, N, NRHS, A, LDA, IPIV, B, LDB, INFO ) * Purpose * ======= * * CSYTRS solves a system of linear equations A*X = B with a complex * symmetric matrix A using the factorization A = U*D*U**T or * A = L*D*L**T computed by CSYTRF. * * Arguments * ========= * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * Specifies whether the details of the factorization are stored * as an upper or lower triangular matrix. * = 'U': Upper triangular, form is A = U*D*U**T; * = 'L': Lower triangular, form is A = L*D*L**T. * * N (input) INTEGER * The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. * * NRHS (input) INTEGER * The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns * of the matrix B. NRHS >= 0. * * A (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDA,N) * The block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used to * obtain the factor U or L as computed by CSYTRF. * * LDA (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N). * * IPIV (input) INTEGER array, dimension (N) * Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D * as determined by CSYTRF. * * B (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDB,NRHS) * On entry, the right hand side matrix B. * On exit, the solution matrix X. * * LDB (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N). * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit * < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value * * ===================================================================== *go to the page top

USAGE: info, b = NumRu::Lapack.csytrs2( uplo, a, ipiv, b, [:usage => usage, :help => help]) FORTRAN MANUAL SUBROUTINE CSYTRS2( UPLO, N, NRHS, A, LDA, IPIV, B, LDB, WORK, INFO ) * Purpose * ======= * * CSYTRS2 solves a system of linear equations A*X = B with a COMPLEX * symmetric matrix A using the factorization A = U*D*U**T or * A = L*D*L**T computed by CSYTRF and converted by CSYCONV. * * Arguments * ========= * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * Specifies whether the details of the factorization are stored * as an upper or lower triangular matrix. * = 'U': Upper triangular, form is A = U*D*U**T; * = 'L': Lower triangular, form is A = L*D*L**T. * * N (input) INTEGER * The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. * * NRHS (input) INTEGER * The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns * of the matrix B. NRHS >= 0. * * A (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDA,N) * The block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used to * obtain the factor U or L as computed by CSYTRF. * * LDA (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N). * * IPIV (input) INTEGER array, dimension (N) * Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D * as determined by CSYTRF. * * B (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDB,NRHS) * On entry, the right hand side matrix B. * On exit, the solution matrix X. * * LDB (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N). * * WORK (workspace) COMPLEX array, dimension (N) * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit * < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value * * ===================================================================== *go to the page top

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